Geogrpahy

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Outline the factors affecting the location of the secondary sector (4)
-Near raw materials(1)+explain(1) -Near large Urban areas (1)+explain(1)
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Deindustrilisation is a process that is happening in rural areas explain the benefits in rural area Use examples (4)-(6)
+:Landscape looks more attractive (1)+explain(1),Reduction in pollution(1)+explain(1) CHINA CLAY QUARRY -:Quarries can be used for waterspouts
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Choose a study of the growth if the secondary sector in a LIC OR MIC explain the effects (6)
+Stronger economy(1)+explain(1) +Improved standard of living(1)+explain(1) -:pollution (1)+explain(1) Raw materials become exhuasted(1)+explain(1) Loss of habitat(1)+explain(1)
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Define the terms primary,secondary,tertiary,quaternary sector
Primary:extraction of raw materials(fishing quarrying) Secondary:Manufacturing into useable product (e.g. a car product) Tertiary:providing a service (banks shops) Quantenary:high level research (ICT and UNI)
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Outline the factors to the decline in the primary sector employment in the UK (4)
-Social changes seen as dirty -Expensive -Mechanisation
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Outline the factors affecting the location of secondary industry in a country you have studied use examples (6)
-Availability of raw materials - Market -Workforce -Governmental policies
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Explain how the development of new technologies has lead to the growth of the tertiary sector (4)
-New appealing jobs pay well -Less physically demanding
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Explain how demographic changes have lead to the growth of the tertiary sector (4)
-People having fewer children -Ageing Population
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Explain the growth of one LIC OR MIC you have studies (4)
CHINA Large workforce(1) High literacy rates(1) Large supplies of raw material (1)
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Outline the factors affecting the location the tertiary sector (4)
Near urban areas(1)+explain(1) Skilled Workers(1)+explain(1)
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Explain reasons for the increase employment in the tertiary sector in the uk (4)
-Development of new technologies (1)+explain(1) -Decrease employment in primary/secondary sector(1)+explain(1) Attractive pays well easy (1)+explain(1)
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Describe the changes In employment strucutes as a country develops (6)
Pre-industrial – most employment primary industry. Industrial – secondary and tertiary industries increased during this time with secondary industry peak Post-industrial – By now both primary and secondary have declined and tertiary sector most imp.
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Give 2 physical,economical and environmental reasons for the growth of secondary sector in China (8)
-Workforce -raw material -good location -market
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Name a location of(i)Primary industry (ii)Secondary sector(iii)Tertiary sector
Primary:China clay quarry,cornwall Secondry:Toyata car factory,Burnaston Tertiary:David lloyd health club
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Give 3 factors that have led to the location of (i)China clay quarry
(iGood communications,Market(porcelain industry),SW UK Good area
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Give 3 factors that have led to the location of (ii)Toyata car factory (iii)David Lloyd health club
ii)Large pool of unemployed workers(100s lost at royals royce in Derby),Govt.incentives to improve infastrucure (iii)Potential market in walking distance of uni of hertfidshere
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With a use of an example outline the factors affecting the location of an industry can change (4)
Some tertiary sectors like reatilers have seen a chage in factors affecting the location.With the growth of (i)Out of town shopping centres(ii)Online shopping which has resulted into an increase moment away from city centres to Rural-urban fringe.
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Suggest reasons for the rapid urban growth in LICS (4)
Brazil:More jobs,Better healthcare
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Define the term counter-urbanisation(1)
counter-urbanisation is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. It first took place as a reaction to inner-city deprivation and overcrowding.
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Explain 2 impacts that depopulation can have in rural area (4)
Loss of business Services closing down
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Outline x advantages and disadvantages of building on brownfield and greenfield site (4)
Brownfield:+Settlement already has water,electricity etc installed -More expensive than just building on land Greenfield:+More attractive -destroy animal habitat
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Explain the negative effects of Urban growth on an LIC you have studies (4)
Brazil:Shanty towns,increased crime rates
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Define the term Urban sprawl (1)
the spreading of urban developments (as houses and shopping centers) on undeveloped land near a city.
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Population:Outline the human factors that lead to a high population density. (4)
Availability of jobs in the area Availability of services such as healthcare and transport
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Describe the consequences of an ageing population in a country. (4)
-More money on Healthcare -Increased dependency ratio
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Explain why the death rate in a country may fall. (4)
-Improved healthcare -Development less dangerous jobs
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Choose one country you have studied which is trying to decrease its birth rate. Explain the incentives and disincentives used by this country to decrease its birth rate. (6)
Monthly allowances to family who followed the policy,child entitled to free education disincentives:Fine up to 15% of annual income a third child would mean a 10% reduction in wages
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Explain why some parts of the UK are densely populated. Use examples in your answer. (4)
Climate-such as London Availability of jobs-urban areas such as London
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Explain one negative consequence (impact) of a youthful population.(2)
-Overcrowding in schools
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Choose one country you have studied which is trying to increase its birth rate. Explain the incentives used by this country to increase its birth rate. (6)
Singapore(have three or more if you can afford) free education extra payouts/money for family
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suggest reason why the population is predicted to slow down in the future (4)
Lack of resources they cannot afford to feed babies so won't have them -Education people more educated on having babies contraception,Women now have carriers
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Describe the influence of physical factors in the population distribution of china (4)
-Climate -Relief
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Outline the advantages and disadvantages of an ageing population (4)
Advantage:'The grey pound" Disadvantage:More money has to be spent in healthcare
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Explain one reason for an increase in leisure time. (2)
-Growth in part time workers -Paid holidays minus 4 weeks -Growth of ageing population
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What is meant by the term adventure holiday? (2)
Risky/Thrilling holiday e.g parachuting and skiing
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Explain why the number of tourists increases during stages 4 and 5 of the Butler model of resort development. (4)
new capital is invested (1) example of same or development of idea (1)ransport links have been improved (1) example of same or development of idea (1)
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Explain the positive effects of tourism. Use examples in your answer. (4)
a boost for the economy (1) example of same or development of idea (1) jobs are created (1) example of same or development of idea (1) new infrastructure is built (1) example of same or development of idea (1) and share of culture educational
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Choose an eco-tourist destination you have studied. Explain how eco-tourism can benefit the local community at this destination. (6)
The Gambia-Walks low environmental damage zip-wire also low and provides money site seeing all bring money into the local area
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Explain the social economic benefits of tourism in an area you have studied (6)
Kenya-Brings money into country,Provides jobs,People get to experience the culture of Kenya
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Explain the social factors causing the global growth in tourism. (4)
More leisure time - people have paid holidays from work (on average three weeks per year are paid). Also people who are retired remain active for longer. There is also a trend to take more than one holiday in a yearMore choice -
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Explain how political factors have caused a growth in tourism
-EU -Paid holidays
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Card 2

Front

Deindustrilisation is a process that is happening in rural areas explain the benefits in rural area Use examples (4)-(6)

Back

+:Landscape looks more attractive (1)+explain(1),Reduction in pollution(1)+explain(1) CHINA CLAY QUARRY -:Quarries can be used for waterspouts

Card 3

Front

Choose a study of the growth if the secondary sector in a LIC OR MIC explain the effects (6)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define the terms primary,secondary,tertiary,quaternary sector

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Outline the factors to the decline in the primary sector employment in the UK (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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