Geography - Where do we live?

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What are refugees?
People who are in danger and leave their homes for their own safety.
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What is an economic migrant?
A migrant that moves to find out.
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What is the rural-urban case study?
Limpopo to Johannesburg - Guateng.
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What is circular migration?
People leave the countryside and move to the city and then back to the countryside. This may happen several times.
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What are the advantages to the rural area due to circular migration?
Remittances and the reduced demand for water supplies and food.
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What are remittances?
When money is sent from people in the city to people in more rural areas.
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What are the disadvantages to the rural area due to circular migration?
Increase of sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS and HIV and brain drain - loss of skilled workers.
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What is a brain drain?
Young and fit workers are moving away from the rural area and older and less fit people are forced to work.
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What is counter-urbanisation?
When people migrate from towns/cities to live in the countryside.
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What is commuting?
Travelling from home to a job which is a fair distance away.
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What is teleworking?
When people spend the majority of the time at home working and only commute to an office every so often.
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What is the case study for counter-urbanisation?
London to Thurston, England.
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What is a pull factor?
Positive things that pull a person towards an area.
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What is a push factor?
Negative things that push a person away from an area.
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Give some push factors of London.
Crime rate high, Expensive Housing, General High Prices, Congested roads and pavements, Overcrowded Public Transport, Noisy, Pollution, No Community Feel, Small Houses
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Give some pull factors of Thurston.
Peaceful, Sense of Community, Spacious Houses and Gardens, Unpolluted, Less Populated, Lower Crime Rate, Safer for Children to play, Countryside views, Farming.
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Give some disadvantages of counter-urbanisation.
Local Community Connection shaped with new-comers, increased noise, increase of pollution- more cars, more development required, Crime rate increase, Less Housing Opportunities.
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Give some advantages of counter-urbanisation.
Higher chance of employment - more services developed, better public transport for commuting, safer, straighter road developed, new services.
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What are some factors that affect birth rates?
Lack of contraception, abortion, culture and religion, children can earn money, children can help parents when old, female education, better medical care, high population of adults, government policies.
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How can culture and religion affect birth rates?
In some cultures/religions it is encouraged to have many children.
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How does female education affect birth rates?
Females in LEDCs may not have the opportunity to be educated so may start a family young whereas a female in an MEDC may choose to pursue a career instead of beginning a family young.
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How does medical care affect birth rates?
MEDCs tend to have better medical attention for pregnant women and the newly born baby.
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Give an example of a government policy which has affected birthrate?
In China, families are only allowed 1 child and are charged for more due to over-population. In some countries, couples are given money by the government for having children.
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Give some factors that affect death rate.
Conflict, Disease, Poor Living Conditions (hunger, water, pollution etc), bad medical care, natural disasters, high proportion of elderly people.
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Give an example of a country with an ageing-population.
Italy.
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Southern Asia faces many issues regarding population issues.How could the region try to control the population?
Encourage family planning, improving healthcare for mothers and children, raising the status of women and girls to improve their education.
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What are some solutions to ageing-population?
Increase taxes, encourage the migration of younger people, private pensions, raising retirement age, encourage birth rates (pronatalist policies) reduce state pension.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an economic migrant?

Back

A migrant that moves to find out.

Card 3

Front

What is the rural-urban case study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is circular migration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the advantages to the rural area due to circular migration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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