Geography Unit 3.A Topic 4 Keywords

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ageing population
An area with lots of elderly people
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baby boom
An increase in the birth rate, often after a war
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birth rate
The number of babies born each year for every 1,000 people
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contraception
A means of stopping pregnancy from happening
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death rate
The number of people who die ech year for every 1,000 people
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demographic transition model
'Population Change Model'. The model is based on what happened to the birth and death rates in western European countries
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demography
The study of population
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disincentive
A reason to discourage someone
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ethnic
A group of people with a common national or cultural tradition
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fertility rate
The average number of children each woman in a population will have
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global population
The population of the world
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grey boom
The rapid rise in the number of elderly people
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grey pound
The spending power of the elderly population
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incentive
An encouragement to do something
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natural decrease in population
Occurs if the death rate of a country is higher than the birth rate
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occupational structure
The percentage of people who work in the different sectors of industry
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population density
A measurement of the number of people in an area, usually expressed as people per square metre
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population distribution
The pattern of where people live
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residential care homes
Places whre elderly people can pay to live and be looked after
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shanty towns
An unplanned settlement often without any services
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urbanisation
The growth in the proportion of people living in towns and cities
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youthful population
An area with lots of young people, under the age of 30 years
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An increase in the birth rate, often after a war

Back

baby boom

Card 3

Front

The number of babies born each year for every 1,000 people

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A means of stopping pregnancy from happening

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The number of people who die ech year for every 1,000 people

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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