Geography - UNIT 1 GOING GLOBAL

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globalisation
the spread of knowledge and ideas transferred between countries and places
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GNP
the value of all the goods and services earned by a country including companies working abroad
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GDP
the value of all the goods and services earned by a country excluding foreign earnings
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Per capita
Stats providing an average per person
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Purchasing power parity
relates average earnings to prices and what they will actually buy you
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Human development index
made up of life expectancy, literacy rates, infant mortality and school enrolment
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Human suffering index
made up of daily calorie intake, access to clean water, inflation rate, access to communications, political freedom and civil rights
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Containerisation
makes the process of shipping goods easier and quicker
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Deregulation
the removal of laws and rules
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NIC
Newly industrialized Country
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Human indicators
used to assess the well-being of a nations' country
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Global disparities
differences in wealth in the world both between and within them countries
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OPEC
Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
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OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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TNCs
Transnational Corporations
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Glocalise
changing a brand for the local market
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IMF
International Monetary Fund
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Trade Blocs
voluntary organisations that exist for trade and security, bringing economic strenght
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Global Hub
a switched on place possessing qualities that make other places want to connect to them
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MIC
middle income countries
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LIC
low income countries
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Switched Off
a country which remains poorly connected, lacking physical and human resources
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Interconnected
trade and migration flows have increased due to technology, market and political decisions to open their borders
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Interdependent
what happens in one place increasingly has impacts on others
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Rostow's model
aimed to prevent the further spread of communism by reducing poverty and increasing development using modernisation theory
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Modernisation Theory
is the means by which the world would become more economically uniform, using western investment
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SEZ
Special Economic Zone where there are no tariffs or tax imports/exports meaning more profit for companies
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Emerging Market
as wealth decreases in population via multiplier effect there is a huge potential to sell goods
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Intervening Obstacle
something preventing you moving somewhere, e.g. money, permit, work
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Intervening Oppurtunity
something coming up, attracting you to somewhere different, while still leaving one place
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Dependency Ratio
population 0-14, 65+ (dependents) / population 15-64 (economically active) x 100
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Parasitic
slums will be created as there is no planning, and people will move into urban areas, meaning resources and services will be limited
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Paradise
urbanization will increase, meaning there will be urban/pre-planning
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Hyper-urbanisation
rapid growth of population in an urban area
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Informal Sector
jobs which don't provide secure incomes, and don't pay tax
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Dual Society
two financially different areas that live but don's really cross in the same city
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City Proper
the main city centre hub
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Urban Sprawl
where an urban area starts to spread out unintentionally
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Megalopolis
a very large, heavily populated city or urban complex
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Edge City
a concentration of businesses, shopping and entertainment outside an area which had previously been a residential or rural area
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Ethnic Enclave
a physical space with high ethnic concentration; thus these spaces are culturally distinct from the larger receiving society
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Agenda 21
a program run by UN related to sustainable development
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the value of all the goods and services earned by a country including companies working abroad

Back

GNP

Card 3

Front

the value of all the goods and services earned by a country excluding foreign earnings

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Stats providing an average per person

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

relates average earnings to prices and what they will actually buy you

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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