Geography Population Change

HideShow resource information
Exponential Growth
Extreme pop growth.
1 of 49
Birth rate
The no of babies born per 1000 people.
2 of 49
Death rate
The no of deaths per 1000 people.
3 of 49
Natural increase
The no of people added to, or lost from a population, per year, per 1000 people.
4 of 49
Population Growth rate
The number of people added to, or lost from a population per year as a result of natural increase and net migration. It is a %
5 of 49
DTM
Demographic Transition Model- shows change in birth and death rates as a country develops.
6 of 49
DTM Stage 1
DR high, BR high, remote tribes in rain forests.
7 of 49
DTM Stage 2
DR falling, BR high, Nigeria, Afghanistan.
8 of 49
DTM Stage 3
DR falling slower, BR rapidly fall, India, Brazil
9 of 49
DTM Stage 4
DR low, BR low, UK, USA
10 of 49
DTM Stage 5
DR increase slightly, BR low, Japan, Germany
11 of 49
Population pyramid
A bar graph showing age and sex of a population
12 of 49
Elderly dependants
+65 rely on the working population.
13 of 49
Economically active
18-64 working and receiving a wage.
14 of 49
Young dependants
0-14 rely on the working population.
15 of 49
When did one child policy start?
1979
16 of 49
Problems pre policy (CHINA)
Uncontrolled pop growth (50 million per year), stopped country developing.
17 of 49
Incentives for following policy (CHINA)
Priority housing, free education, 10% salary rise, free health care.
18 of 49
Decentives for disobaying policy (CHINA)
Fines, prison, forced abortions and sterilizations, 10% cut into salary.
19 of 49
Problems created by policy (CHINA)
Spoiled children (little emparores), ageing pop, men cannot find wives.
20 of 49
Where is Kerala?
Southern India
21 of 49
Kerala's pop controll
People choose to be sterilized, encouraged family planning, good health care, women in education, everyone is equal.
22 of 49
Sustainable development
Meeting the needs of people now and in the future, and limiting the harm to the environment.
23 of 49
Land reform.
Redistributing land for farming to all rural families.
24 of 49
How has Kerala been sustainable?
Land reform= productive country side, women help economy, less children= less strain on the economy.
25 of 49
Oldest old
85+
26 of 49
Britain's oldest man
113 years
27 of 49
Dependency ratio
(children+ elderly)/working pop x100
28 of 49
Problems with ageing pop (UK)
Health care in greater demand, increase in diseases, pensions= expensive, smaller working pop, more money needed for care homes ect.
29 of 49
Benefits of ageing pop (UK)
Elderly help community, elderly provide free childcare, elderly have money to spend (grey pound).
30 of 49
UK's strategy for ageing pop
Free NHS health checks, financial benefits, giving elderly extra money, health prevention packages, building suitable homes, encourage 50+ to become teachers.
31 of 49
Migration
Permanent or semi permanent movement of people.
32 of 49
Voluntary migraion
People choose to move for better jobs and higher wages (economic migrants)
33 of 49
Forced migration
People have to move or they will face extreme hardship or death. (refugees)
34 of 49
Seasonal migrant
People live in a different place semi permanently.
35 of 49
Permanent migration.
People move to live in another place and do not return.
36 of 49
Source
A country or area that a migrant has come from.
37 of 49
Host
A country or area that the migrant has gone to.
38 of 49
When did Poland join the EU?
2004
39 of 49
How many Polish migrants are there in the UK?
600,000
40 of 49
Why do Poles move to the UK?
60% for financial reasons.
41 of 49
Push factors (POLAND TO UK)
Low GDP ($12,700), youth and rural unemployment each at 40%
42 of 49
Pull factors (POLAND TO UK)
Unemployment low (5.1%), high GDP ($30,900)
43 of 49
Impacts on the UK (POLAND TO UK)
Positive: £7,000 disposable income, Poles fill a skills gap, Poles contribute to the economy. Negative: more stress on NHS, take all jobs, locals pushed out
44 of 49
Impacts on Poland (POLAND TO UK)
Positive: salaries increased by 9%, scientists are being payed extra to stay in Poland. Negative: working pop shrinking, 35% industry jobs were not filled, no body to care for elderly.
45 of 49
Refugee
Someone who left their country of origin because of persecution (race, beliefs, religion, political opinion, nationality, or social group); or to avoid war.
46 of 49
Asylum seeker
A refugee who is in another country legally and has applied for protection.
47 of 49
When did Pakistan close its border? (AFGHANISTAN)
2002
48 of 49
How many refugees in Pakistan? (AFGHANISTAN)
1,800,000
49 of 49

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Birth rate

Back

The no of babies born per 1000 people.

Card 3

Front

Death rate

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Natural increase

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Population Growth rate

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

TomCorf

Really helpful list of key facts about population change

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »