Geography- Population

HideShow resource information
Population Structure
The breakdown of a country's population into groups defined by age and sex
1 of 27
Death Rate (DR)
The number of deaths per 1000 per year
2 of 27
Birth Rate (BR)
The number of live births per 1000 per year
3 of 27
Infant Mortality
A measure of the number of infants dying under the age of 1, number of deaths per 1000 births
4 of 27
Natural Increase
When the number of births exceed the number of deaths so there is an increase in the population
5 of 27
Natural Decrease
When the death rate exceeds the birth rate causing the population to go down
6 of 27
Dependency Ratio
Shows how many young people (u16) and older people (+64) depend on people of a working age
7 of 27
Life expenctancy
The average age the population is expected to live to
8 of 27
Optimum Population
The population at which the quality of life of the peopleof a country is the highest possible at a given level of technological development
9 of 27
Overpopulation
When any increase in population reduces the average quality of the life of the population
10 of 27
Underpopulation
When an increase in population could increase the average quality of life
11 of 27
Famine
A time when there is so little food that many people starve
12 of 27
Starvation
The state of extreme hunger resulting from a lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
13 of 27
Studenification
When large family houses become too expensive to run so the houses are subdivided and let out to students
14 of 27
Gentrification
Spontaneous and unplanned change by which individual families buy run down properties and improve them
15 of 27
Conourbation
A continuos area that grows and spreads and absorbs other towns and cities
16 of 27
Infilling
The use of open space to build houses within a conourbation that is often close to where a green belt restricts
17 of 27
Brownfield Sites
sites that have been built on before but have come avaliable for new building because of demolition
18 of 27
Social Welfare
The wellbeing of communities, the acess people have to opportunities, housing, services
19 of 27
Fertility Rate
The average number of children will have between the ages of 15-44
20 of 27
Migration Rate
The difference between the number of people who migrate in and the number of people who migrate out per 100 000 per year
21 of 27
Population density
The number of people per kilometre squared
22 of 27
Characteristics of Stage 1 in the DTM
Low population, High Birth Rate, High Death Rate
23 of 27
Characteristics of Stage 2 in the DTM
Rising population, High Birth Rate, lowering Death rates
24 of 27
Characteristics of Stage 3 in the DTM
Rising population, Deacresing Birth Rate, Plateau Death Rate
25 of 27
Characteristics of Stage 4 in the DTM
High population, low Birth and Death rates
26 of 27
Characteristics of Stage 5 in the DTM
Declining population, Birth rate lower than Death rate
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The number of deaths per 1000 per year

Back

Death Rate (DR)

Card 3

Front

The number of live births per 1000 per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A measure of the number of infants dying under the age of 1, number of deaths per 1000 births

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When the number of births exceed the number of deaths so there is an increase in the population

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Mr A Gibson

25 cards to help you learn and be tested on the key terms relating to population.

Tomaz

8)

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change and migration resources »