Populations in Transitions Definitions

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trend
A general direction in which something is developing
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pattern
Noticeable sequence/arrangement comparable in events
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crude birth rate
the total number of births per 1000 of a population each year.
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natural increase
The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country or place
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crude death rate
a measure of the number of deaths in a population, expressed in units of deaths per 1000 individuals per year
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infant mortality
the death of children under the age of one.
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child mortality
the death of infants and children under the age of 5
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fertility rate
the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
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life expectancy
the average period that a person may expect to live.
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population pyramid
is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population, which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
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population momentum
population growth at the national level which would occur even if levels of childbearing immediately declined to replacement level.
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population projection
an estimate of future a population
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dependency ratio
an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force and those typically in the labor force. It is used to measure the pressure on productive population.
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ageing ratio
Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64.
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youthful population
in the population structure of LEDCs, there is often a higher proportion of young people due to high birth rates and a reduction in infant mortality due to better nutrition, education and medical care
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ageing population
Population ageing is a phenomenon that occurs when the median age of a country or region rises due to rising life expectancy and/or declining birth rates.
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pro-natalist population policy
the policy or practice of encouraging the bearing of children, especially government support of a higher birthrate. Origin: 1935–40
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anti-natalist population policy
The aim of anti-natalist policies is to decrease the total fertility rate, as well as the crude birth rate, in order to slow the population growth.
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forced migration
where people move to another area without choice.
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voluntary migration
where people move to another area through choice.
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remittances
A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in his or her home country. Money sent home by migrants competes with international aid as some of the largest financial inflows to developing countries.
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gender inequalities
unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Noticeable sequence/arrangement comparable in events

Back

pattern

Card 3

Front

the total number of births per 1000 of a population each year.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country or place

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a measure of the number of deaths in a population, expressed in units of deaths per 1000 individuals per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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