Geography Economic Development Case Studies

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  • Created by: KAustria
  • Created on: 17-05-14 11:21
What is the case study on Aid and relief?
Comic Relief, Tanzania and Uganda
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What are the 3 main problems in Tanzania and Uganda?
1. Farmers can't afford to feed their families so children miss out on school(Uganda) 2. Children dying form malaria (Uganda) 3. Poor Healthcare
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What has the poor healthcare resulted to in Tanzania?
1 in 7 children die before their 5th birthday
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How have comic relief helped Uganda and Tanzania?
1. Small loans are given to Ugandan Farmers 2. Malaria nets have been distributed and tutorial 3. Giving money to Ifrakara to help improve hospitals.
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How have comic relief improved hospitals in Tanzania?
They have provided Ifrakara with money to educate midwives and provide electricity and running water.
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What are the 4 impacts Comic Relief have made in Tanzania and Uganda?
1. Farmers are able to buy seeds to grow crops 2. Less infant deaths 3. Reduced healthcare costs 4. Adult deaths have dropped.
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Is the Comic Relief aid project sustainable?
Yes because loans are cheap and can be returned and Malaria nets are cheap too.
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Name the case study on industry in an LEDC?
Kenya
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Name the 3 main tertiary industries in Kenya
1. Tourism - Rift Valley 2. Tourism- Mount Kenya 3. Tourism - Diani Beach
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Name the 3 Primary industries locations in Kenya
1. North Eastern Province livestock - Farming 2. Nyanza and Western Provinces commodities - Farming 3. Magadi - Mining
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Name the 2 main secondary industries in Kenya
1. Manufacturing - Nairobi textiles, food and drinks 2. Manufacturing - Coast province cement works
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Why are livestock reared on farms in the North-Eastern Province?
The climate is too dry for crops but it is suitable for grazing
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Why does cement works occur in the coast Province?
They can can uses limestone from nearby deposites as a raw material
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What mineral is mined in Magadi?
Trona which is used to make glass, and is formed in Lake Magadi as it evapourates
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Why is the farming of commodities taking place in Nyanza and Western provinces?
There is enough rainfall to grow crops.
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Why is manufacturing taking place in Nairobi?
1. Good labour supply - population of 3 million 2. Good transport links including an airport.
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Give an example of a quaternary industry in Kenya
Trick Question - There aren't many well established quaternary industries in Kenya because of the lack of highly skilled workers.
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Give the case study on industry in an MEDC?
The UK
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Name the 2 tertiary industries in the UK
1. Tourism - Cumbria 2. Retail- London
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Name the locations where secondary industries are based in the UK
1. Manufacturing - Merseyside 2. Chemical Processing - North East England
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Give the locations and type of quaternary industries in the UK
1. High technology - Cambridge 2. High technology - M4 corridor 3. Electronics - Central Lowlands of Scotland
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Why is London visited because of retail?
1. Lots of high end and high street shops 2. Transport links 3. Tourist attractions
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Name the 2 types of primary industries in the UK
1. Mining - Coal in Nottinghamshire 2. Farming - Lincolnshire and East Anglia because of land
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Why is Chemical processing occuring in North east England?
Near off-shore rigs that provide raw materials
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What have the government done to encourage manufacturing in Merseyside?
Given grants to car manufacturers.
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Given an example of a car manufacturer in Merseyside
Jaguar cars began production in Merseyside in 1998
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How much money did Jaguar recieve form the government?
£50 million grant form gov
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Why are there many quaternary industries near universities such as Bristol and Cambridge?
The universities can provide educated and highly skilled workers.
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Name the case study on Development and environmental impacts?
Pearl River Delta, Guandong China
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What was the GDP of Guandong in 1980 and in 2001?
1980 - $8 billion 2002 - $100 billion
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How many employees does Honda employ?
6000
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What are the 3 main environmental impacts of industry in Guandong?
1. Air Pollution - smog 2, Water Pollution 3. Endangered habitants
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What are the levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide like in PRD in comparison to the rest of Guandong?
PRD has 2 to 3 times more levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide than other areas of Guandong province
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What is the Pearl River water in Guangzhou only suitable for as a result of water pollution?
Water quality if very poor so it is only suitable for farm use
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What species are at risk due to waste from PRD?
Chinese White Dolphins
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What are the three management strategies that aim to improve PRD?
1. Pearl River Delta Air Quality Management Plan 2. Construction of sewage works and water treatment facilities
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What is the Pearl River Delta Air Quality Management plan?
1. Aim to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide by 40% 2. Reduce dependence on coal 3. Use of natural gas
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How much did the chinese government ledge to hep clean up Pearl River?
$7.1 billion
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How many sewage works have been built in to solve the problem of increased sewage waste in PRD?
30 sewage works and water treatment facilities.
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Are the strategies in solving environmental impacts in PRD sustainable?
Yes because they reduce air and water pollution without stopping industry from expanding or factories from closing down.
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Give the case study on Multinational companies
Walmart
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When did Walmart open, where and who by?
Walmart opened in 1962 in Arkansas, USA by owner Sam Walton
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Name the countries Walmart have extended to?
Mexico, Argentina, China , Japan, Brazil, Canada and the Uk
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How many walmart stores are there worldwide and how many people are employed?
8000 stores and 2 million employees
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How many people are employed in Walmart Mexico?
150,000
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How have walmart invested in sustainable development?
in Puerto Rico, 23 Wal-Mart stores have solar panels - fitted on their oof sto generate electricity
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How many Canadian suppliers does Wal-Mrt work with and how much do they earn?
6000 Canadian supplies, creating $11 billion
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How much money did Argentina Walmart donate to its local community and how many people did it feed?
$77,000 which fed 12,000 poor people
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How many hours do people working for Walmart in Beximico in Bangladesh work for?
80 hours a week instead of 60 hours a week
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How much does a worker in the USA earn in comparison to a worker in China for Walmart?
USA $6, China $1
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How have Walmart caused environmental problems?
1. Traffic and pollution 2. Largest Walmart covers 27,000m^2 3. Takes up large areas of land
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 3 main problems in Tanzania and Uganda?

Back

1. Farmers can't afford to feed their families so children miss out on school(Uganda) 2. Children dying form malaria (Uganda) 3. Poor Healthcare

Card 3

Front

What has the poor healthcare resulted to in Tanzania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How have comic relief helped Uganda and Tanzania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How have comic relief improved hospitals in Tanzania?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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