Geography - Changing urban environments key terms

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  • Created by: isabellek
  • Created on: 01-12-14 21:03
Urbanisation
A process where an increasing proportion of people are living in towns or cities (and there is a reduction living in rural areas)
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Rural-to-Urban migration
A person moves from the countryside to a city or town
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Push Factors
Negative factors/aspects of a place that encourage people to move away
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Pull Factors
Attractions and opportunities of a place that encourage people to move there
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Land use
The type of buildings or other features that are found in the area e.g. banks, roads
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Function
The purpose of a particular are e.g. for residential use, shopping
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Central Business District (CBD)
The main shopping and service area in a city. The CBD is usually found un the middle of the city so that it is easily accessible
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Inner city
The area around the CBD usually built before 1918 in the UK
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Suburbs
The area on the edge of the city. Many suburbs were built after 1945 and get newer as they reach the edge of the city
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Gentrification
The improvement of housing and the creation of often new and expensive housing in the inner city. The idea being you will attract wealthier occupants
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Brownfield
Land that has been built on before, usually in the countryside on the edge of the built-up-area
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Greenfield
Land that has not been built on before, usually in the countryside on the edge of he built up area
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Segregation
Significant numbers of people from the same race choosing to live with those from a similar area and away from those with different ethnicity and culture
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Sustainability
A sustainable city offers a good quality of life to current residents but does not reduce the opportunities for future residents to enjoy a good quality of life.
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Urban sprawl
The controlled outward expansion of the built up area of a town or city
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Green belt
Land on the edge of the built-up area, where restrictions are places on building to prevent the expansion towns and cities and to protect the natural environment
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Recycling
Glass, cans and newspapers repeatedly being used to create new products
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Sustainable development
Meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability to future generations to meet their own needs
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Agenda 21
Requires the government of countries to take action to encourage sustainable development at both national and local levels
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A person moves from the countryside to a city or town

Back

Rural-to-Urban migration

Card 3

Front

Negative factors/aspects of a place that encourage people to move away

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Attractions and opportunities of a place that encourage people to move there

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The type of buildings or other features that are found in the area e.g. banks, roads

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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