Geography case study flash cards

HideShow resource information
urban change and development
1 of 72
1-Glasgows population? 2-Decline in what industries?
1-Over 580,000 2- shipbuilding, older industies
2 of 72
2 major developments?
1- Clyde waterfront project 2- Regeneration in the gorbals
3 of 72
Main points of the 2 major developments?
1- CWP- turned industrial land into 200 projects costing £5 billion, offices shops, glasgow science centre 2- £170 million invested in poor neighbourhoods 1500 new homes
4 of 72
Social, Economic and Environmental needs of population?
S- improve transport + leisure facilities, new homes Eco- New businesses, bring jobs 50,000 new jobs in waterfront project
5 of 72
Developments Sustainable?
CWP- Less pollution, bus links walking cycle lanes, development on brownfeild land, saves green spaces, materials from other buildings used RITG- Use derelict brownfeild land to create new spaces, reuses land makes space for future generations
6 of 72
South Yorkshire?
Changing retail
7 of 72
Changes to goods and supply?
people want bigger range, lower price, smaller shops cant meet this demand larger chain stores can, more products under 1 roof = cheaper prices
8 of 72
Changes to transport?
car ownership increased, people can travel further, fewer convenience stores, more out-of-town shopping where land is cheaper
9 of 72
Changing retail services, Positives?
South Yorkshire mixture of land, 1990 large out-of-town shopping centre MEADOWHALL near Sheffield 280 shops, easily reached, 120,000 free car park spaces 80,000 visitors a week
10 of 72
Changing retail services, negatives?
Number of shops in sheffield city centre declined, rent is cheaper at meadowhall, some move, city centre 15% loss of business, Sheffield city centre- better parking 'city watch' scheme to reduce cime
11 of 72
China one-child policy?
population managment
12 of 72
Why was population management needed?
world's largest population, 1949- 540 million, families encouraged, more children strong army, 1970- increased to 830 million, didn't have resources to cope, many people no access to water or electricity
13 of 72
The first scheme introduced?
'Late, long and few' 1970-79 fertility rate dropped 5.7 1970 to 2.9 1979
14 of 72
One-child policy introduced, couples given benefits for having 1 child, charged a 'social compensation fee' having more then 1
15 of 72
Effects of 'One-child policy'? policy change?
-prevented 400 million births -Fertility rate 2.9 1979 to 1.8 2009 -Policy changed rural areas 2nd child if 1st girl or physical disability, need to work on farmes - both parents only child, 2nd child allowed, -some say it goes against human righ
16 of 72
Sustainability of 'One-child Policy'?
Helps towards sustainable development, population not grown so fast, more resources to go around
17 of 72
Poland to Uk?
International migration
18 of 72
Pull factors?
-2004 Uk allowed unlimited migration from EU -More work, higher wages -big demand for tradesman, plumbers -Good exchange rate, send money to families
19 of 72
Push factors?
-Poland high unemployment 19% -low average wages 1/3 average European wages -Housing shortages,300 homes every 1000 people
20 of 72
Impacts for UK? 1-Economic 2-Social 3-Political
1-boasted economy, however money went back to Poland -polish goods sold, polish workers pay taxes 2-unhappy about large numbers, polish immigrants 3- politicians changed policy, not unlimited from poland
21 of 72
Impacts for Poland? 1-Economic 2-Social
1-Not enough workers in poland -£3 billion sent to families in poland 2- most who have left, young, led to ageing population
22 of 72
Management of immigration?
-If immigrating, need to register, worker registration scheme -UK government tightened immigration law from EU countries
23 of 72
China urbanisation?
Migration within a country
24 of 72
Push factors?
-150 million unemployed 2004, fewer jobs rural areas, more machinery, -lower wages higher poverty 26.1 million poverty in rural areas 2004 - not enough services rural areas
25 of 72
Pull Factors?
-More jobs urban areas in industry -higher wages, less poverty, average wage 3 times higher urban to rural - better services, healthcare, education rural 2002 1.1 million children no primary school
26 of 72
Impacts Rural areas? 1-positive 2-negative
1-send money home 130 million left help families avoid poverty 2- young leave, ageing population, 1/2 Chinese people live on own
27 of 72
Imapacts Urban afreas? 1-positive 2- negative
1- more workers increas demand for services, increases trade + industry, good for economy 2- increasing population ,increase pollution, over 270 cities no water treatment plans
28 of 72
Coastal landforms on the Dorset coastline?
The dorset coastline made up of bands of hard rock (limestone/chalk) and soft rock (clay)
29 of 72
Durdle Door? Formed?
Arch, erosion by waves, crack in limestone headland, cave then arch
30 of 72
Lulworth cove? Formed?
Cove formed , gap eroded band of limestone, behind limestone is clay, eroded away for a cove
31 of 72
Chesil beach? Formed?
Tombolo formed by longshore drift joins isle of portland to mainland behind Chesil beach is a shallow lagoon, called Fleet lagoon
32 of 72
Swanage bay and studland bay? Formed?
Areas of softer rock made of sandstone and clay, in between headland called the Foreland made from harder rock
33 of 72
Coastal erosion at Barton-On-Sea? Where?
Hampshire coastline, in Christchurch bay, lies east of hengistbury head
34 of 72
Effects of coastal erosion?
-cliffs eroding 1 metre per year -regular large landslides -buildings top of cliffs begun to fall in - coastal path falling into sea, closed or moved - coastal roads cracking
35 of 72
Management of coastal erosion?
-Rock Armour bottom of cliff, not effective -drainage system within cliff prevent rainwater building up -2007 beach replenishment £3500/m2 -rock groynes slow longshore drift
36 of 72
Boscastle- north cornwall?
River flooding
37 of 72
Boscastle facts?
-small fishing village -16 august 2004 flash flood caused widespread damage
38 of 72
Causes of Boscastle flooding?
60mm rainfall (a month) fell in 2 hours -ground already saturated (rain) -rapid surface run-off of drainage basin, impermeable slate, steel slopes -Boscastle at confluence, 3 rivers meet large quantity of water, rivers over flow
39 of 72
Effects of flooding at Boscastle?
Homes, businesses, cars swept away, belong over 1000 people - tourism income lost impact livelihoods and local economy - large insurance claims - no lives lost
40 of 72
Bangladesh in south Asia?
River flooding
41 of 72
3 Basic facts?
1- poor country 2- country very low-lying, experiences regular floods 3- 2 main rivers in Bangladesh- Brahmaputra and Ganges
42 of 72
Causes of river flooding in Bangladesh?
-900mm rainfall in july saturated ground -melting snow Himalayas -peak discharge both rivers at same time
43 of 72
Effects of flooding in Bangladesh?
-over 2000 deaths -25 million made homeless -44 schools destroyed -100,000 caught water-borne diseases -reduced rice field yield, flooding destroyed them
44 of 72
Management of flooding in Bangladesh?
Flood forecasting + warning systems 85 flood monitoring stations - 6000km man-made levees - controlled flooding some areas sediment builds up, create natural banks
45 of 72
River Clyde Valley?
River Landforms
46 of 72
4 Facts about the River Clyde
1-Runs through Scotland 2-160km long 3- source in southern uplands of Scotland (a group of mountains) 4- mouth and estuary west coast of Scotland
47 of 72
Upper course landforms?
1- Source- Lowther Hills-2 tributaries 2- interlocking spurs at crawford 300 and 500m high 3- Fallss of Clyde 4 waterfalls near Lanark highest- Corra Linn 27m high gorge as waterfalls retreat
48 of 72
Middle course landforms?
1- Meanders: between motherwell and Glasgow 2- Ox-bow lake, near village of uddingston
49 of 72
Lower course landforms?
1- Glasgow built on floodplain of river clyde 2-land is 5m above sea level either side 3- rivers estuary 34km west of gGasgow joins firth of Clyde becomes irish sea
50 of 72
Wal-Mart Multinational company? Locations?
Mexico, China, Japan, Brazil and UK (Asda)
51 of 72
3 Basic Facts?
1-Walmart began in Arkansas,1962 2- 8,000 stores 3- 2 million employees
52 of 72
primary Impacts?
1- Created jobs-150,000 in mexico 2- local companies/farmers provide goods 3-company invests money in sustainable development- Puerto rico, solar panels4-creates skilled jobs LEDC'S,china, local people 6-millions donated healthcare+education based
53 of 72
Negative impacts?
1-workers have long hours, (up to 60/week) 2- not all workers paid equally, chine some $1 a day 3- stores often large out-of town, cause environmental problems 4- cause smaller shops to close down,
54 of 72
Comic relief in Uganda and Tanzania?
International Aid project
55 of 72
Problems in Uganda and Tanzania?
1-Farmers can't affors feed families, no school for children, find food instead (ug) 2- Many children die every day due to malaria (ug) 3- poor healthcare 1/7 children die before 5 (Ta)
56 of 72
What have comic relief done? (3 main things)
1- Small loans Ugandan farmers 2- Malaria nets , shown how to use (Uganda) 3- Given money, Ifrakara tanzanian charity, improve hospitals, educate midwives, provide running water+ electricty
57 of 72
How has it helped Uganda and Tanzania?
1- Farmers afford seeds, grow crops 2- less infant deaths 3- reduced healthcare cost in Uganda 4- adult deaths dropped
58 of 72
Yes! Loans, malaria nets cheap, families pay back money slowly, can help provide for future generations
59 of 72
Environmental pollution?
Pearl River delta
60 of 72
3 Basic facts?
1-Pearl River delta area in Guangdong province China 2- lots of big companies (Wal-Mart) bring wealth 3- area 10x wealthier then when it started to attract industry
61 of 72
Environmental impacts?
1-Lots of air pollution, smog, power plants burn coal can lead to acid rain 2- untreated sewage from factories, water quality poor 3- pollution affecting wildlife, Chinese white dolphin endangered
62 of 72
Management strategies to reduce imapcts?
1-Pearl river delta air quality development plan 2- reduce coal burnt 3- government $7.1 billion clean up area 4- 30 sewage works 5- SUSTAIABLE! no factories shut down, pollution reduced
63 of 72
Location of industry in the UK (MEDC) 4 basic facts?
1- Primary (growing, collecting raw materials) 2- secoundary (primary produts to another product) 3- Tertiary (services) 4- Quaternary (technology and research)
64 of 72
Primary industry?
1-Farming- Lincolnshire, east Anglia, lots of rain, mild climate, good soil, flat 2- Coal mining, Nottingham, coalfields in area
65 of 72
Secondary industry?
1- Grants encourage car manufacturing Merseyside 2-chemical works in NE England near to offshore rigs provide raw materials
66 of 72
Tertiary industry?
1- Tourism in Cumbria, beautiful scenery 2- Shopping London, lots of customers
67 of 72
Quaternary Industry?
1- High technology industry near Cambridge, famous uni, provides skilled workers 2- M4 corridor, good links and communication
68 of 72
location of industry in Kenya (LEDC) how many types of industry?
Mainly 3, Primary, secondary, teriary
69 of 72
Primary industry?
1- Livestock reared NE province climate too dry crops but suitable for grazing 2- farms in W province and Nyanza area recieves most rain 3- mining in magadi, mineral found called trona used to make glass
70 of 72
Secondary industry?
1-cement works in the coast province, use limestone nearby deposits 2- manufacturers in Nairobi, area has good transport links
71 of 72
Tertiary industry/
1- Tourism in coast province, beaches 2- tourism near Mt Kenya, 2nd highest mountain in Africa 3- tourism in Rift Valley lots of national parks and lakes
72 of 72

Other cards in this set

Card 2


1-Glasgows population? 2-Decline in what industries?


1-Over 580,000 2- shipbuilding, older industies

Card 3


2 major developments?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Main points of the 2 major developments?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Social, Economic and Environmental needs of population?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all case studies resources »