geography-a wasteful word

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name the different types of waste
biodegradable(can be broken down by bacteria),non-biodegradable,domestic(household),industrial,hazardous(dangerous),non-harzardous,solid,liquid,e-waste(mobile phones etc),white goods(fridges,washing machines)
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name the types of domestic waste produced by a HIC from most to least
paper,food,plastic,glass,cans,textile,other
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name the types of domestic waste produced by a LIC from most to least
food,garden,other,plastic,paper
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using a named example,how is waste recycled at a local level?
re3-waste management partnership-bracknell forest council in Berkshire,works with reading and wokingham council.-for disposal of waste. re3-2 household waste recoiling centres:small mead,leland road,reading.longshot lane,bracknell. 150 recycling site
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how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-the cans
cans-baled in southhampton,go to reprocessing facility in Leicester,split into steel+aluminium. made into products like cars or new cans
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how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-plastics
plastic bottles recoiled by Baylis Recycling at their plant in Keynsham near bristol. bottles sorted into different types of plastic. products made from this include garden frniture,fleece jackets,new plastic bottles
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how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-glass
glass reprocessed in Yorkshire.glass washed and crushed then mixed with raw materials(sand,limestone). done to make new glass containers
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how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-paper and cardboard
recycled in maidenhead. material sorted and baled. moved to st Regis paper mill in kent where it is turned into new packaging material
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how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-households
bracknell-2-weekly collection system. one week-brown bin(garden waste),blue bin(plastic bottles and tins),green box(paper). 2 week-green general waste bin. shoes,foil taken to household waste recycling centres.
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what is land fill?
areas of land that are used to dispose of waste products. large holes are dug,filled with waste and then covered over with soil
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what is incineration
the burning of waste products.
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?
domestic waste-one of 160 landfill sites,one of 68 incinerators or recycling it.
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?-landfill
160 landfill sites. waste has to be treated before allowed to be in landfill.
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?-incineration
68 incinerators. plant at darmstadt incinerates 212,000 tonnes of waste a year. other incinerators-mini-power plants-burn waste
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?-recycled waste
60% of waste recycled. plastic,glass,paper,cardboard recycled. germany can't recycle everything collected. export to other eurpean countries and asian countries.
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?-nuclear waste
low-level waste-stored around country at about 50 locations. high-level waste,stored in Siberia+recycled in Uk and france.
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how does Germany(a HIC)dispose of its domestic waste(municipal waste)?-other toxic waste products
exports toxic waste products. between 1990-95, shiploads of german toxic waste were sent to Poland,estonia,egypt,albania.
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advantages and disadvantages of landfill.-germany
adv-cheap option disadv-waste can rot and cause problems for later generations
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advantages and disadvantages of incineration.-germany
acv-heat produced can be used to generate electricity disadv-fumes are omitted when waste is burnt
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advantages and disadvantages of recycling.-germany
adv-less waste put into landfill sites. disadv-germany has a lack of recycling facilities
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advantages and disadvantages of export.-germany
acv-less waste has to be put into landfill sites and incinerated. disadv-expensive to pay other countries to deal with your waste
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what is exploitation?
the use of an energy source
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what is a greenhouse gas?
a gas such as co2 which is 'allegedly' causing global warming
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explain the attitudes to the exploitation of coal as an energy source
in uk coal was exploited in a time when people needed jobs and were less concerned about their environment. China basing development on coal-concerning bc greenhouse gases that it emits
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explain the attitudes to the exploitation of wind as an energy source
locals countobject to wind farms-not received the benefits like cheaper energy bills or employment. ppl close to wind turbine-cheaper electricity bills so don't object. few objections bc less environmental impact than other forms of energy production
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explain the production of the non-renewable energy source coal
adv;found in many countries around world. cheap to mine and mined easily.eg mined in Australia. dis;waste heaps left close to coal mines.deep shaft mining maybe dangerous
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explain the development of the non-renewable energy source coal
dis;when coal burnt greenhouse gases emitted.acid rain produced when coal burnt. adv;coal shud last another 250 years. relatively easy to convert into energy by burning
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explain the production of the renewable energy source- wind
adv;wind is free.turbines cheap. dis;offshore wind turbines may disturb migration patterns of birds. some ppl believe turbines cause visual pollution. some greenhouse gases given off when transported to its size
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explain the development of the renewable energy source wind
adv;turbines can be on land or sea,quiet and efficient,don't give off greenhouse gases. dis;can be unsightly intrusive. needs to be a annual local speed speed.
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what is global energy mix?
different energy use around the world
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what is energy consumption?
the amount of energy that is used
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how does population make energy consumption vary around the world
increased bc:population increased and average use of energy per person has globally increased by 10%. this is not equally spread higher populated countries don't always have the highest consumption of energy
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how does wealth and income make energy consumption vary around the world
countries that are wealthier will use more energy than poorer countries. wealthy country-able to provide energy required by population.population earn enough money to enable them to buy electrical equipment.
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how does availability of energy supplies make energy consumption vary around the world
countries have plentiful supply of energy-may have high consumption. rate of consumption also determines on population and wealth and income.
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explain how coal has a impact on the environment
burring of coal-global warming bc co2 released. waste heaped produced-visual pollution/unstable.eg Aberfan,wales waste heap collapsed killing 116 children.acid rain from sulphur dioxide+nitrogen oxide when call burnt-effects plants and animals.ash r
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explain how wind has an impact on the environment
wind farms-take up land.turbines have impact on bats-killed by turbines.farms affect wildlife of area-affect migration patterns of birds.transportatio to site produces co2.
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how can energy be saved through the roof in a home?
loft insulation-stops heat escaping. photovoltaic electricty-panels produce electricity from light
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how can energy be saved through the walls?
cavity wall insulation-stops heat escaping.
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how can energy be saved through floor
ground source heat pump-takes heat from ground and uses it to heat house.
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how can energy be saved through window
double glazing. two panes of glass insulate house.
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how is energy being wasted in industry?
computers,printers left running. 1 pound in every 12 pound spent on fuel is being wasted by uk steel industry
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what is meant by the term carbon footprint?
a measure of the impact that human activities have on the environment in terms of the number of greenhouse gases they produce. LIC-lowest cf HIC-highest cf
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solutions to energy wastage at a national scale
grant of 2500 pounds available per household for green technologies from the Low Carbon building programme. Planning permission is no longer required to install wind turbines,solar panels,ground+water sourcee heat pumps+biomass systems.
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solutions to energy wastage at a local and domestic scale
wind turbines.-turbine at Green Park in Reading providing energy since 2005 for 1500 homes+businesses. Reduction of council tax-british gas working with 16 local councils tp improve energy efficiency. local councils encouraging residents to save ente
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how are some local councils encouraging residents to save energy?
oldham city council-upgrading their social priority housing e.g. installing loft insulation. Penwith housing association,Penzance,Cornwall-ground source heat pumps fitted,provide houses with heat and hot water. Woking Borough Council-own electricit
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

name the types of domestic waste produced by a HIC from most to least

Back

paper,food,plastic,glass,cans,textile,other

Card 3

Front

name the types of domestic waste produced by a LIC from most to least

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

using a named example,how is waste recycled at a local level?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how is the waste recycled at a local level reused?-the cans

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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