geography - a tourists world

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how is tourism measured?
visitor numbers,the amount of value that the different types of tourism bring to an economy,entry and exit surveys carried out at airports and ports
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social factors that caused a growth in tourism
increase in leisure time-shorter working week,longer paid holidays,ageing population. product development+changing customer needs+fashions-package holidays,theme parks.Developments in communications+information tec-internet
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economic factors that caused a growth in tourism
transport developments-planes faster and larger. greater wealth-people in MEDCs have more disposable income
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political factors that caused a growth in tourism
economy boosting-governments in many countries now welcome tourists for income. Relaxation of national boundaries in the EU-added to number of people going on holiday
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what is an ageing population
a lot of people in the country are over the age of 50
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what are package holidays
holidays where the price includes the transport and the accommodation
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what is all inclusive
all transport,accommodation, food and drink is included in the price of the holiday
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what is disposable income
the amount of money left out of a persons income to spend on luxury goods such as holidays after all necessities have been paid for
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What is leisure breaks broken down into: (BASHH)
beach holidays,activity hols,short city breaks,health tourism,heritage and cultural tourism.
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describe beach holidays
to spend time relaxing on a beach. could be for sunbathing water sports etc. e.g. fam from uk to spain
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describe activity holidays
provide travellers with a different challenge depending upon the type of activity that is involved. e.g. a person from ipswich attending a course of painting in norfolk which would be a relaxing holiday.
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describe short city breaks
people travel to urban areas to enjoy a heritage+cultural break. couple travelling from birmingham to liverpool for the weekend.
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describe health tourism
involves going on a trip which includes a holiday and some sort of health treatment
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describe heritage and cultural tourism
people travel to visit sites of national and world importable to learn about past. e.g. the Hindu temples in Sri Lanka or Windsor Castle
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what is tourism?
the movement of people away from their main place of residence, it usually includes a overnight stay. can be for business or leisure purposes or fan and friends.
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what is a physical attraction?
natural landscape that are appealing to people. guaranteed sunshine, white sandy beaches, warm sea,scenery
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what is a human attraction?
factors about built environment that are appealing like theme parks, ancient monuments and museums,harbours,railway lines,market stalls
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describe the stages of the butler model
1)exploration. 2)involvement 3)development 4)consolidation 5)stagnation 6)decline 7) rejuvenation
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describe exploration-the butler model
small number of tourists,no impacts on area,physical+cultural attractions
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describe involvement-the butler model
visitor numbers start to increase,hotels built,transport improved
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describe development-the butler model
visitor numbers continue to increase,still physical attractions and cultural,some human attractions built,host community more involved with tourism
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describe consolidation-the butler model
tourists continues to increase but not as quickly,transport routes+access to resort improved,most locals now work in tourist industry,many facilities for tourists which are starting to impact on the environment
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describe stagnation-the butler model
facilities+services become old and run down.Negative impacts on environment become more obv.visitor numbers declining. Host community begins to resent tourists.
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describe decline-the butler model
tourist numbers start to decline dramatically and many people loose their jobs
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describe rejuventation-the butler model
involves investing a lot of money to improve facilities and amenities and the resorts have to be made up to date.
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explain the development in terms of the butler model of resort development
The Butler model states how a resort changes through time. In the exploration stage Blackpool's first guest house opened, owned by Edward Whiteside. The only visitors were the landed gentry (rich people) who would ride on the beach and bathe in the s
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explain the social effects of tourism- in Zanzibar
tourists mainly from western countries which have different moral codes+culture to the local inhabitants e.g. they don't cover shoulders.This causes offence to local people.
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explain the social effects of tourism- the Maldives
have been developed as enclave resorts(tourists only mix with local people employed at resorts).Majority of pop live on home islands where tourists not allowed.Tourist money been used to improve education+services for local people.
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explain the economic effects of tourism- Zanzibar
220m dollars a year comes into country from tourism- has positive effect on the GDP of the country
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explain the economic effects of tourism-Cyprus
20% of the GDP is provided by tourist income(money that tourists spend on accommodation+food drink when in country).The multiplier effect means even more money is generated in the country
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what is the multiplier effect?
when a dollar injected into the tourist destinations economy circulates through the economy several times.
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what is leakage?
money lost from the economy.eg tshirts bought from another country are sold within the country. the money that was spent on buying the thsirts has leaked from the countries economy.
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explain the environmental effects of tourism-The maldives
The enclave resorts on the Maldives have caused problems for the coral reefs that surround them in a number of ways. There has been a decrease in fish numbers and species. This is due to the environmental problems caused by tourism, such as sewage di
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explain the environmental effects of tourism-Zanzibar
The environmental impacts of tourism at Lulworth Cove in Dorset have been minimised by the use of tourist money. People pay to park their cars at Lulworth Cove. This money has been used to build a heritage centre which teaches the tourists about the
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describe the attitudes to tourism between individuals,organisations, and governments
imdi:work long hours,hardly see fam,wishing pay was better.organi e.g. shop:open shops all week bc of tourists-great for them+community.govern:tourism great for country bc brings money in.
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what is ecotourism?
responsible tourism that conserves the environment and provides benefits to the local people
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what is 'footsteps?'
an ecosystem enclave resort in the Gambia which is located close to the village of Gunjur. It is open all year round and many of the tourists come from the UK.
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how does 'footsteps' benefit the local community?
the huts are made from local wood.Furniture made from craftsmen from Gunjaur from local wood.Footsteps gives 20% of its profit to the local community.Shop at footsteps which sells Batik work which is made at footsteps by local women.all staff from vi
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how does 'footsteps' protect the environment?
has gardens where it grows vegetable crops-gardens provide all food for tourists.also fruit trees which grow around huts.Ducks kept which give eggs.electricity produced using wind+sun.solar-powered freezer has reduced the use of propane gas.water for
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what is sustainable tourism?
tourism which leads to the management of all resources in a way that meets the needs of present tourists and local people while protecting the needs of future generations.
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social factors that caused a growth in tourism

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increase in leisure time-shorter working week,longer paid holidays,ageing population. product development+changing customer needs+fashions-package holidays,theme parks.Developments in communications+information tec-internet

Card 3

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economic factors that caused a growth in tourism

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political factors that caused a growth in tourism

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what is an ageing population

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