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What is the order (from outside to inside) of the structure of the Earth?
Crust, mantle, outer crust, inner crust.
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How are earthquakes measured?
On the richter scale, using a seismometer.
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What was Wegener's theory on continental drift?
Wegener believed that the continents were all joined together as one big island (Pangea) and gradually spread apart from one another. The continents are still moving but very slowly.
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Why do people live near volcanoes?
Geothermal spas, tourism, geothermal energy, granite, good fertile soil for crops, precious diamonds, LEDC's - may not have the money for anywhere else.
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Name the four primary effects of a volcanic eruption.
Lava, gas, smoke, extreme heat.
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Name the three secondary effects of a volcanic eruption.
Homelessness, blocked roads, loss of businesses.
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Why did Haiti get struck by the earthquake?
Haiti lies right on the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates.
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Name two primary effects of the Haiti earthquake.
316,000 people were killed, 280,000 buildings were destroyed, hospitals and schools were badly damaged, the main prison was destroyed and 4,000 inmates escaped, communication links were badly damaged.
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Name two secondary effects of the Haiti earthquake.
1 million people were made homeless, 1 in 5 people lost their jobs, it was difficult getting aid into the area, looting became a problem, the large number of bodies meant that diseases spread - cholera.
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When was the Haiti earthquake?
January 12th 2010.
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What does MEDC stand for?
More Economically Developed Country.
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What does LEDC stand for?
Less Economically Developed Country
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What does NIC stand for?
Newly Industrialised Country
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What does life expectancy mean?
Average number of years a person is estimated to live in a country.
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What does birth rate mean?
The number of babies born per 1,000.
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What does death rate mean?
The number of people who die every year per 1,000.
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What does literacy rate mean?
The percentage of people who can read or write in a country.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are earthquakes measured?

Back

On the richter scale, using a seismometer.

Card 3

Front

What was Wegener's theory on continental drift?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do people live near volcanoes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name the four primary effects of a volcanic eruption.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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