Geography: China one child policy

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What is the population if China?
1.3 billion people
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In 1949 what was the population at, and what happened?
The population was at 540 million, so people we're encourage to have more children to build a strong army
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In what year was there an increase in population, what was it at and what happened?
In 1970 the population was at 830 million - resources could not cope, no access to water and electricity
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In 1970 what was introduced and what happened?
The 'Late, Long, Few' policy - was effective as fertility rate dropped from 5.7 in 1979 to 2.9 in 1979
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What happened in 1979?
The population was still growing - One child policy introduced: benefits were given - better housing, free education for the child
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What happened if people went against this policy?
They were given a 'Social Compensation fee' so were fined part of their income
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What were the effects of the OCP?
•It prevented 400 million births •the fertility rate dropped from 2.9 in 1979 to 1.8 in 2009 • Rural areas: were allowed a second child if; 1st was a girl, disability- needed to work on farms
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Is the OCP Sustainable?
Yes, because it slowed down the increase in population = more resources and fewer used
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In 1949 what was the population at, and what happened?

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The population was at 540 million, so people we're encourage to have more children to build a strong army

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In what year was there an increase in population, what was it at and what happened?

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In 1970 what was introduced and what happened?

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What happened in 1979?

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