Geography

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  • Created by: Katie_
  • Created on: 17-02-14 11:43
Explain how one global factor affects the location of biomes around the world. (2)
Latitude because this affects how much sunlight a place receives. Temperature gradually decreases as you move away from the equator. As latitude increases, temperature decreases.
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Describe one way in which people are trying to conserve the biosphere. (2)
National parks are used to conserve the biosphere because they formed in order to protect the natural beauty and wildlife and bans economic activities that harm the ecosystem, such as open-cast mining.
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Describe two ways the Tropical Rainforest is being directly damaged by human activity. (4)
Deforestation as this affects rates of flooding, soil erosion and humus formation.Pollution, for example, water pollution from sewage, fertilisers and industry. Toxic fumes emitted into the atmosphere destroys species and damages ecosystems.
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How are human indirectly destroying the Tropical Rainforest?
Deforestation - Commercial logging destroys forest unless sustainable forestry principles are used. It affects rates of flooding, soil erosion and humus formation. Introduction of alien species - Alien species often breed well and take over.
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How are human indirectly destroying the Tropical Rainforest?
Overharvesting overfishing - Overharvesting causes wild animals to be hunted to extinction. Overfishing of some species such as krill, needed as food for fish farms, destroys food chains.
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How are human indirectly destroying the Tropical Rainforest?
Pollution - Water pollution from sewage, fertilisers and industry. Toxic fumes emitted into the atmosphere, destroy species and damage ecosystems.
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Goods of the Tropical Rainforest
-25% of all cancer fighting drugs are found in Tropical Rainforests -One rainforest drug is used for diabetics -They help control the hydrological cycle -They provide nutrients for soil to be productive
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Services of the Tropical Rainforest
-They provide 80% of all western foods, like pineapple and coffee -Rainforests are places we can visit on treks, holidays, as eco-tourists -Trees absorb carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas -They provide homes for many endangered animal species
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CITES
CITES stands for Convention on International Trade in England. It is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
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Advantages of National Parks
-Visitors from all over the world come to experience tranquillity -Employment -Income -Preservation and conservation
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Disadvantages of National Parks
-Congestion -Foot path erosion -Litter -Damage to wildlife -Damage to farmland -Tourist village
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What is sustainable management?
It involves conserving the ecosystem for future generations by ensuring that it isn’t used faster than it can be renewed. Also, it involves local people, so the ecosystem still provides them with resources.
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More on sustainable management
-Schemes which train local people so that they can be involved in decision making -Helping local people living in poverty, these schemes allow local people to make a living from ecotourism -Being environmentally friendly, it avoids clear cutting
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Describe the management methods that can be used to conserve the biosphere. (4)
CITES - an international agreement between governments. CITES’s aim is to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants doesn't threaten their survival. -National parks. They ban activities that harm the ecosystem, like open-cast mining
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Why are plant and animal species traded between countries?
To ensure the species doesn’t get extinct. It provides protection to more than 30,000 species of animals and plants.
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What has happened to some of these species?
Some are traded as live specimens, fur coats or dried herbs.
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Card 2

Front

Describe one way in which people are trying to conserve the biosphere. (2)

Back

National parks are used to conserve the biosphere because they formed in order to protect the natural beauty and wildlife and bans economic activities that harm the ecosystem, such as open-cast mining.

Card 3

Front

Describe two ways the Tropical Rainforest is being directly damaged by human activity. (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How are human indirectly destroying the Tropical Rainforest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How are human indirectly destroying the Tropical Rainforest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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