Geography

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  • Created by: Katie_
  • Created on: 16-02-14 17:27
Biosphere
The part of the Earth’s surface inhabited by living things.
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Biome
Large-scale ecosystem. The world can be divided into 9 different biomes.
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Evapotranspiration
When leaves evaporate and transpire.
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Continentality
The quality or state of being a continent.
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Altitude
A measure of an area’s height above sea level or ground level.
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Latitude
The distance a place is from the equator. Lower latitudes are nearer the equator and high latitudes are further from the equator.
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Rainforest goods
Things that are of value to us.
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Rainforest Services
Things that satisfy our needs.
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Biodiversity
The range of an animal and plant life found in an area.
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Extinction
Happens when a species of a plant or animal dies out.
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Keystone species
One which has a particularly large effect on other living organisms.
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National parks
Large areas of public land set aside for plants, animals and the places in which they live.
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Sustainable
A process that does no lasting harm to people or the environment.
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Global Factors
Average temperature is the main factor affecting plant growth. Temperature gradually decreases as you move away from the equator. As latitude increases, temperature decreases.
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More Global Factors
Precipitation happens in low-pressure belts, where air masses meet and air rises. Precipitation then causes rain. In polar and deserts, high-pressure zones occur, causing very dry conditions.
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Local Factors
Altitude: temperature decreases by 1 degree for every 100 metres in height. So the top of Mount Kilimanjaro is covered in snow although it is near the equator.Continentality is the effect of distance from the sea.
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More Local Factors
Nutrient-rich environments encourage the growth of ecosystems. Nutrients are supplied by the soil or from upwelling ocean currents.Geology, relief and drainage are important.
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Why indigenous people believe that they maintain the forest and TNCs cause nothing but damage.
This is because the biosphere provides almost everything: fuel wood for cooking, timber for building, herbs for medicine, and food such as nuts, fruits, meat and fish.
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More on Why indigenous people believe that they maintain the forest and TNCs cause nothing but damage.
They can grow subsistence crops, such as yams and milet, using the ‘slash and burn’ method. Many see this type of farming as being sustainable.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Biome

Back

Large-scale ecosystem. The world can be divided into 9 different biomes.

Card 3

Front

Evapotranspiration

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Continentality

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Altitude

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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