Geography- Tourism

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  • Created by: kimmy2083
  • Created on: 27-06-16 16:27
Why has tourism grown?
More holiday choices e.g. package holidays .Improved technology( travel is cheaper) .People have fewer kids so less expensive to go on holiday .6 weeks paid holiday .Larger disposable income .Life expectancy has risen, more retired people
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Positive factors that cause tourist numbers to fluctuate
.Expanding economy .Good publicity about destination . Good exchange rates
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Negative factors that cause tourist numbers to fluctuate
.Country is not safe e.g. tourist attacks .Bad reports/ tourist incidents .Bad exchange rates .Rising unemployment
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Why Europe is the visited place in the world
.Costal areas e.g. Benedorm or Costa Del Sol .Cities e.g. Barcalona or London .Mountian areas e.g. the Alps .Variation in climate
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Definition: National Park
A large area of mainly rural land, which aim to conserve natural and cultural landscapes while allowing access for visitors to still enjoy them
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When was the first national park created?
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How many national park are there in England and Wales?
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What are the purposes of national parks in England and Wales?
.Conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage .Promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of National parks by the public
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How do people visit National Parks
. 2% of visitors use public transport . 98% use their own cars
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Definition: Honeypot
A place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts large numbers of visitors
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Butler Model
1) Exploration 2) Involvement 3) Development 4) Consolidation 5) Stagnation 6) Rejuvenation or Decline
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Definition: Exploration
A small number of tourists explore a new location for adventure or to experience new cultures. tourist impact is tiny
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Definition: Involvement
Local people become more involved in tourism related business. Travel and accommodation are improved
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Definition: Development
The area become established as a tourist destination as visitor numbers increase. Package holidays begin. In LEDCs control from local firms to companies based in MEDCs
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Definition: Consolidation
Numbers of tourists continue to rise but rate of increase slows down, Most tourists businesses prosper but stop expanding. Older facilities are seen as second rate. Tourism begins to affect traditional customs and lifestyles. Local resentment occurs
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Definiton: Stagnation
Resort is no longer seen as fashionable. Stable visitor numbers or decrease. Increase local opposition to tourism, plus a growing awareness of environmental, social and economic problems, prevents further growth.
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Definition: Rejuvenation
A secondary growth spurt. New man made facilities compensate for loss of original attractions. New tourist start coming. They may be different social or age groups to the original visitors
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Definition: Mass Tourism
Tourism on a large scale to on country or region. It involves a large number of people often on package holidays to destinations often with a hot climate for the purpose of sun bathing. It occurs in the development and consolidation sections of theBM
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Definition: Extreme Environments
Places with difficult environments e.g.climates that have very cold, very dry, great heights and steep sloped
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Definition: Extreme Tourism
Tourism is quite new to the area due to a niche market demand for somewhere different with physical challenges
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Examples of Extreme Tourism activities
.Caving .White water rafting .Chernobyl exploration
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Locations where Extreme Tourism takes place
.The Rainforest .The Slums/Favelas .Antartica
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Features of Extreme Tourism
.Sparsly populated .Natural .Wilderness .Mountians .Remote .Radioactive
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What has allowed extreme tourism to increase?
.Improvements in transport-more planes fly to more places .The need to see places before they disappear-the Maldives are sinking .More disposable income-better jobs
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Definition: Hostile Terrain
High altitude(>8,000m) and steep ice covered slopes
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Definition: Extreme Climates
Temperatures can drop well below freezing
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Definition: Wilderness
Undeveloped areas that are mostly shaped by the forces of nature
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Definiton: Fragile Environment
Places that don't recover easily from damage
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Definition: Ecotourism
Nature based tourism
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Definition: Stewardship
Looking after the environment for future generations
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Definition: Conservation
Careful management of a particular environment
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Definition: Sustainable Development
Improving peoples quality of life without damaging the environment
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How quickly is Ecotourism growing globally?
Tourism as a whole is growing 5% a year whereas Ecotourism is growing by 6-9% a year meaning its growing faster than tourism
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How much of all tourism is Ecotourism?
.1-2% of all tourism is ecotourism .30-40% of all tourism has a Ecotourism element
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What 3 elements does Ecotourism involve?
.Nature based .Educational .Sustanable
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Positive factors that cause tourist numbers to fluctuate


.Expanding economy .Good publicity about destination . Good exchange rates

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Negative factors that cause tourist numbers to fluctuate


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Card 4


Why Europe is the visited place in the world


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Definition: National Park


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