GEOGRAPHY THEME 1 WJEC KEY TERMS

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  • Created by: Layla28
  • Created on: 03-05-22 09:25
upland
a landscape that is hilly or mountainous
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lowland
an area of land that is lower than the land around it
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visitor pressure
the increased impact on the landscape, resources and services of an increased number of people due to tourism
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honeypot sit
a place of special interest that attracts tourists
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carrying capacity
the maximum population size that an environment can sustain
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environmental challenges
problems caused by human use of natural landscape or resources
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national park
an area which is protected because if its beautiful countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage
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AONB(area of outstanding national beauty)
a part of the countryside that is designated for conservation due to its natural beauty
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fluvial
referring to a river and its landforms
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erosion
the wearing away of the land
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transportation
the movement of material by the flow of water
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deposition
the dropping of the material carried by the river
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bed load
the material carried by the river being bounced or rolled along its bed
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meander
a bend in the river formed by lateral erosion
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v-shaped valley
a narrow valley with steep sloping sides found in the rivers upper course
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waterfall
water falling from a higher level to a lower level due to a change in rock structure or as a result of glacial erosion
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gorge
a steep-sided narrow valley formed by retreating waterfall
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floodplain
a flat piece of land either side of a river forming the valley floor
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meander
a bend in the river formed by lateral erosion
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vertical erosion
erosion of the river channel that results in its deepening rather than widening
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interlocking spurs
hard resistant rocks that a river cannot easily erode and therefore the river foes around them
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plunge pool
a deepened part of the river bed at the base of the waterfall caused by the impact of the falling water
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slope processes
the processes involved in moving material from the cliffs on to the beach
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weathering
the breakdown of rocks in place by elements of the weather
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freeze-thaw action
the breakdown of rocks due to water entering cracks and repeatedly freezing and thawing
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carbonation
where chemicals in rainwater such as carbonic acid react with chemicals in rocks such as limestone
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mass movement
when soil, rocks or stones move down a slope
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sediment
the material carried by the sea
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longshore drift
the processes by which sediment is moved along the coastline
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headline
an area of land that juts out into the sea
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bay
a recessed area of coastline often found between two headlands
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wave-cut platform
a coastal landform made of a rocky shelf in front of a cliff
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wave-cut notch
a slot with overhanging rocks that has been cut into the bottom of a cliff by wave action
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bedding plane
clearly seen layers of rock in a cliff face
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arch
a natural opening in a cliff where the sea is able to flow through
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stack
a vertical pillar of rock left behind after the collapse of an arch
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swash
the movement of water up the beach as a water breaks
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backswash
the flow of water back into the sea after a wave has broken on to the shore
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beach
created by deposition(usually sand , shingle or pebbles) and lies between the high water mark and the low water mark
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spit
a sand or shingle beach that is joined to the land but projects outwards into the sea in the direction of the prevailing wind
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offshore bar
an area of deposition that is slightly off the coastline in the estuary of a river
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rockpool
a pool of seawater between shoreline rocks
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cavern
a large underground cave which has been created due to the enlargement of joints in carboniferous limestone
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sinkhole
a hole in the ground caused by a collapse of the surface layer,often found in carboniferous limestone areas where caverns are present
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concordant coastline
rocks are formed parallel to the sea so that erosion rates along the coastline are even
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discordant coastline
rocks are formed at right angles to the sea and so erosion rates vary along the coastline depending on rock type
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groynes
a low wall or barrier on a beach built at right angles to the sea to restrict longshore drift
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drainage basin
an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
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flow
the movement of water
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store
a place where water is stationary within the water cycle
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interception
when rainfall does not reach the ground as it is blocked by trees buildings and so on
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infiltration
the movement of water into the soil
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throughflow
the flow of water through the soil
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overland flow
the flow of water across the ground surface
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groundwater flow
the flow of water through rocks
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transpiration
water given off by plants
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stem flow
movement of water that has been intercepted down the stem or trunk of a plant
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percolation
the movement of water from the soil into the bedrock
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hydrograph
a line graph used to display the discharge of a river over a period of time
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lag time
the time between the peak rainfall and peak discharge in a river
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rising limb
the part of a hydrograph where the discharge of a river is increasing after a rainfall event
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

an area of land that is lower than the land around it

Back

lowland

Card 3

Front

the increased impact on the landscape, resources and services of an increased number of people due to tourism

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a place of special interest that attracts tourists

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the maximum population size that an environment can sustain

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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