Geography - Settlements

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Name all 6 types of settlements
industrial, residential, tourist resort, strategic, administration, market centres
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Describe how two types of settlements have changed over time?
Aberfan (S Wales)= 1875 industrial coal mines opened, 1989 they closed and now a residential commuter village. Benidorm= 1950s industrial/market centre fishing village, 1970s turned into a tourist resort
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Define linear settlements
settlements are either side of the road, valley or coastline
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Define nucleated settlements
settlements are founded around a centre such as a church and usually around a crossroad.
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Define dispersed settlements
settlements are spread out with no obvious centre, eg= in a countryside
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ANAGRAM for Site (explain each one)
SHAWL s-shelter h-height a-aspect w-water supply l-land
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ANAGRAM for Situation (explain each one)
PARC p-places a-accessibility r-relief c-communications
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Define counter-urbanisation
movement of people from cities to rural areas
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Define urbanisation
movement of people from rural areas to urban areas
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Name the 5 main reasons for counter-urbanisation (EXPLAIN EACH ONE)
car ownership, business parks open up, increasing ageing pop, increasing crime, traffic+pollution and improvements in technology
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Name the negative effects of counter-urbanisation
increase house prices, conflict, congestion/pollution increase, lack of support and loss of tradition+community spirit
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Name the positive effects of counter-urbanisation
local schools have a pupil increase, local services are supported and improvements are made to areas image
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Explain the effects of rural depopulation with at least one example
taxes increase as less money goes into public services, schools+other services close, fewer people of a working age. EG=Cornwall 25% of post offices are set to close by 2015. EG= In 2001 600,000 people lived in rural areas
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name two main reasons for the change in URBAN land use
increasing housing demand and deindustrialisation as manufacturing is moving abroad to LICs
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What are the social reasons for the change in land use in urban areas
people are marrying later in life (1960s=24, 2010=30), a rise in the no of divorces meaning that families have two dwellings. Theres an ageing population increase+many people live on their own meaning more demand for younger generation
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What are the political reasons for the change in land use in urban areas
need for more housing (sustainable communities policy=promises 3m houses by 2020), in SE certain areas are designated for growth (Ashford in Kent+Milton Keynes), In 2000 it was predicted that UK pop will rise by 4.1m between 2001-2021
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What are the economic reasons for the change in land use in urban areas
people at a younger age can afford to buy/rent a house. 'Buy now&Pay later' lets people in their 20s have a rent+mortgages. Its encouraged companies to give 100% mortgages+no deposit (20 years ago, 10% was required).
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Define a brownfield site
previously used land for industrial or commercial purposes
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Define a greenfield site
undeveloped land in a city or rural area which could have been used for agricultural purposes
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example of a Brownfield site
Norwich- 17 hectares, redeveloped included 14 new screen cinemas, shopping centre, over 200 residential units+ new foot and cycle bridges across the river
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example of Greenfield site
Peacock Farm- close to M4 for easy access, includes 14,000 new homes, 91 acres of country parkland, doctors surgery and 2 primary schools
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Reasons for rapid growth in urban LICs (Cairo)
lack of jobs in rural areas, lower salaries in rural areas+urban areas viewed as a better life with better education
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Reason for high natural increase in population (Cairo)
youth of migrants (child bearing age), better medical facilities and lack of contraption or knowledge
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Positive effects of rapid growth in Cairo
large pool of workers willing to do low paid jobs (EG-Zaballeen who collect+recycle waste), purchasing power of a larger population allows economic growth and increase in manufacturing+retail sectors.
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Name 4 problems with the rapid growth in Cairo (EXPLAIN EACH ONE)
noise pollution, air pollution, land pollution and housing shortages
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe how two types of settlements have changed over time?

Back

Aberfan (S Wales)= 1875 industrial coal mines opened, 1989 they closed and now a residential commuter village. Benidorm= 1950s industrial/market centre fishing village, 1970s turned into a tourist resort

Card 3

Front

Define linear settlements

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define nucleated settlements

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define dispersed settlements

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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