Geography Population Change

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What 2 things affect population size?
Birth and death rate
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What shows the 5 stages of population growth?
Demographic Transition Model
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What are the structures of stage 1 on the DMT?
High birth rate, high death rate, no population growth, low life expectancy
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What are the structures of stage 2 on the DMT?
High birth rate, fall in death rate, high growth rate, increased life expectancy
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What are the structures of stage 3 on the DMT?
Falling birth and death rate, high population growth, higher life expectancy
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What are the structures of stage 4 on the DMT?
Low birth rate, death rate is low, no growth, high life expectancy
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What are the structures of stage 5 on the DMT?
Falling birth rate, low death rate, negative growth, more older people than young
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What are the social, political and economic effects of population growth?
Services are strained, children have to work, not enough houses or food, not enough jobs, poverty, young people policies, growth control policies
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What is sustainable development?
Developing which allows people to get the things they need without stopping people in the future from getting what they need
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How does birth control policies aim to reduce birth rate?
Laws on how many children they can have, free contraception, family planning
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How does immigration laws aim to reduce population growth?
Limit people allowed to move into country, allow many to move out of country
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What is China's birth control programme?
One child policy - get extra benefits, free education, better housing
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What are the consequences of having more than 1 child?
Fine, no benefits, forced abortion
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How has the policy changed?
Rural areas allowed second child if first is a girl, if both parents are only children they can have a second child
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How effect has the policy been?
Fertility rate dropped from 5.7 to 1.8, prevented 400 million births
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What is Kerala's birth control programme?
Education for all, free contraception and family planning, better healthcare, vaccinations, higher marriage age, retirement benefits
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How effect has Kerala's policy been?
12/100 infant mortalitys, increased literacy rate, better health for all, fertility rate is 1.8
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What stage in the DMT has an ageing population?
5
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What are the social and economic effects of an ageing population?
Less taxes payed, economy grows more slowly, healthcare services stretched, unpaid carers, fewer children born, lower pension, higher retirement age
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What strategies are put in place to deal with an ageing population?
Encouraging larger families, immigration of young people, raise retirement age, raise taxes
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What is the difference between immigration and emigration?
Immigration is moving into an area, emigration is moving out of
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What are examples of push factors?
No jobs, poverty, war, natural disaster
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What are examples of pull factors?
Jobs, better standard of living
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What shows the 5 stages of population growth?

Back

Demographic Transition Model

Card 3

Front

What are the structures of stage 1 on the DMT?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the structures of stage 2 on the DMT?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the structures of stage 3 on the DMT?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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