Geography Population and Settlement

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  • Created by: abiheath
  • Created on: 15-06-15 20:49
What are the causes of high death rates?
less health care available, less safe clean water, hazardous working conditions, conflict/war, famine/starvation, natural hazards
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What are the causes of low death rates?
better health care, clean water, good emergency response, health and safety checks, better sanitation and hygiene, plenty of food
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What are the causes of high birth rates?
less contraception, more children are beneficial, lack of sex education, culture, contraception is not allowed in Catholic countries, lack of women's rights and education
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What are the causes of low birth rates?
education for girls (jobs), lower infant mortality, contraception is accepted and available, social care for elderly
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Where are birth and death rates high?
LEDCs
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Where are birth and death rates low?
MEDCs
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What factors affect the size of a population?
birth rate, death rate, natural increase, migration, emigration, immigration, population explosion
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What is global population growth?
an increase in the worlds population
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what is population density?
how crowded or empty a place is
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What shape is a population pyramid for an LEDC?
Classic pyramid shape
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What shape is a population pyramid for an MEDC?
barrel shaped
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What are the negative impacts of overpopulation?
lack of resources, high unemployment, not enough school places, social unrest, low wages
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What are the positive impacts of overpopulation?
Greater productivity, lots of custom, more taxes, bigger range of people for employment
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What are the negative impacts of underpopulation?
Too few people to work, low productivity, low income, small talent pool, wasted resources, exploitation from wealthy countries
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What are the positive impacts of underpopulation?
low unemployment, less pollution, plenty of land and space, plenty of water
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Why is a optimum population the best?
Because everyone has what they need and there is an equal and happy population. Poor management could cause a slide
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What causes an aging population?
Better health care for the elderly, better health and safety standards, better nursing homes, better sanitation and clean water
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What is an aging population?
The increase in the average age of the population, when there is more old people
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What are the impacts of an aging population?
greater demand for bungalows and nursing homes,higher taxes, change in leisure facilities, children have to look after old people for longer, financial burden because they are dependent
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What is the demographic transition model?
An idea of theory about population change
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What is urbanisation?
An increase in the percentage of the population living in towns or cities
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What is counter-urbanisation?
Where fewer people live in towns and cities because they are moving to rural areas
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What are the push factors from urban areas?
Poor air quality, busy/crowded, smaller housing, lack of natural life, dangerous
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What are the pull factors to rural areas?
Peace and quiet, cleaner air, more space, sense of community, wildlife
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What are the impacts of counter-urbanisation?
more crowded shops and car parks, high pressure on leisure facilities, schools will have to increase in size, pressure on transport and traffic, less jobs/high unemployment, pressure on health care, loss of local farms/gardens,
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What is in the Central Business District?
Shops, offices, transport hubs, high rise buildings
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What is in the inner city?
Small factories, low class 19th century housing, council housing, the zone is in an area of constant redevelopment
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What is in the medium class residential?
semi-detached housing
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What is in the high class residential?
private top-quality housing with large gardens and garages, there is now pressure on land here
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What is in the rural/urban fringe?
out of town shopping malls, golf courses etc
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What are the causes of urbanisation?
push= lack of jobs, quieter, poor transport links, poor education pull= more jobs, community diversity, entertainment and leisure, better quality of life, water/electricity
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What are shanty towns?
areas of overcrowded poor housing on the edge of LEDC cities, often illegal
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What are the environmental affects of life in a slum?
there is no rubbish removal system, lack of amenities
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what are the economic impacts of life in a slum?
they pay no taxes, so get no benefits, businesses can thrive
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What are the social impacts of life in a slum?
not safe, crime, drugs, violence, strong sense of community
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

better health care, clean water, good emergency response, health and safety checks, better sanitation and hygiene, plenty of food

Back

What are the causes of low death rates?

Card 3

Front

less contraception, more children are beneficial, lack of sex education, culture, contraception is not allowed in Catholic countries, lack of women's rights and education

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

education for girls (jobs), lower infant mortality, contraception is accepted and available, social care for elderly

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

LEDCs

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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