geography paper 1 case studies

State 2 general facts about the Kobe earthquake
6.9 on Richter scale, happened on 17th January 1995 at 5:46am
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What plates does Kobe lie on and what type of plate boundary is it?
Pacific and Eurasian plates, destructive
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State 3 primary effects of Kobe earthquake
over 6433 deaths and 27,000 injured, over 102,000 buildings destroyed, raised motorways collapsed
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state 2 secondary effects of Kobe earthquake
300,000 made homeless, over 3000 fires
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State 2 short term responses to Kobe earthquake
emergency rescue teams, emergency food and water supplied
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state 3 long term responses to Kobe earthquake
1 year after, 80% of the port was working, by January 1999, 134,000 housing units built, more instruments to monitor earthquake movements were put in
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State 2 general facts about Haiti earthquake
7.0 on Richter scale, happened on 12th January 2010 at 4:53pm
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What plates does Haiti lie on and what type of plate boundary is it?
Caribbean and North American plates, conservative
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State 3 primary effects of Haiti earthquake
over 220,000 deaths and 300,000 injured, several hospitals collapsed, businesses destroyed
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state 2 secondary effects of Haiti earthquake
1.3 million made homeless, damage to main clothing industry
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state 3 primary responses to Haiti earthquake
Dominican Republic provided emergency water and medical supplies, rescue teams, temporary hospitals set up by Red Cross
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State 3 secondary responses to Haiti earthquake
Money was pledged by governments to assist rebuilding, 1 year after, still 1,300 camps, schools were being rebuilt
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State 3 general facts about typhoon Haiyan
happened in November 2013, winds of 313km/h, 281.9mm of rain
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state 3 primary effects of typhoon Haiyan
over 6290 people killed, 50% of houses destroyed, 30,000 fishing boats destroyed
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state 3 secondary effects of typhoon Haiyan
6 million lost source of income, 1.9 million left homeless, major roads blocked
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state 3 short term responses to typhoon Haiyan
warnings led to the evacuation of about 750,000 residents, UK government provided emergency food, shelter, clean water and medical supplies, emergency aid from charities
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state 2 long term responses of typhoon Haiyan
people paid to help clean up, Philippine government plan to re-build houses back stronger
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when did storm Desmond happen
5th - 6th December 2015
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3 Social impacts of storm Desmond
5,200 homes were flooded in Cumbria and Lancashire, many schools in Cumbria closed, major roads closed
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2 economic effects of storm Desmond
over 100 bridges needed repairing, large amounts of fragile upland soils washed into rivers and lakes
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2 environmental effects of storm Desmond
thousands of trees ripped from river banks, millions of tonnes of sediment transported onto flood plains and settlements
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Management strategies in UK for storms
£45 million spent on flood defences in Cumbria, £4.4 million flood defences scheme constructed in Cockermouth, primary flood defences
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State 5 general facts about the Amazon rain forest
1 10th of the earth's species found here, 1.4 billion acres of forest, 4,100 miles of rivers, 2.6 million square metres in Amazon basin, Brazil is home to 65% of the forest
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State the causes of deforestation
logging - 3%, mineral extraction - over 50,000 hectares being used, energy development - involves flooding large amount of the rain forest, commercial cattle farming, commercial crop farming, road building - 4000km long highway, soil erosion - Brazil
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Impacts of deforestation
global warming - more carbon dioxide remains in air, loss of biodiversity - estimated that 137 plant, animal and insect species are being lost a day
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local impacts of deforestation
climate change - disrupts water cycle, river pollution - gold mining causes mercury to being washed into rivers
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3 facts about energy in the Sahara - Morocco
in February 2016, first phase of world's largest energy solar plant turned on, power station hopes to supply electricity for 1.1 million people, plans to generate 42% of its energy from renewables by 2020
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2 facts about Farming in the Draa valley
most subsistence farmers survive on 1 or 2 hectares, average farmer owns about 300 date palms
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2 facts about tourism in the Sahara
contributed to US$0.6 billion to Morocco's GNI in 2016, 70,000 people employed
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3 facts about Water supply in the Sahara - Morocoo
Draa valley is country's largest water basins, 97% of water used in agriculture and 2.5% for domestic use, large amounts of water needed for crops such as water melons
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2 improvements made in the Sahara - Morocco
rural roads improved - 10,000km of roads re-paved with gravel, project in 2014 started to make sure the country's remote villages were connected to main road network
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3 facts about extreme weather and accessibility in the Sahara - Morocco
lack of cloud = high temps during day, freezing during night, high temps cause tarmac to melt and disappear, strong winds blow sand onto roads
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reasons for management of Scarborough
landslides, threat to public and property safety, Marine Drive was closed 35 times a year due to severe erosion
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Scarborough's management strategy
22 month coastal plan began in April 2002, cost £25.7 million, 11,000 square metres of concrete paving provided to form a new promenade around Marine Drive, 1 metre high concrete wave return wall along frontage, 4000 accropodes protecting East pier a
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social, economic and environmental impacts of Scarborough's coastal protection scheme
lower cost that rip-rap, last about 50 years, cost a lot, greater stability and lower maintenance, accropodes have holes for wildlife, could be greater risk of erosion further down the coast, don't look natural
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3 general facts about river seven
longest river in Britain, source in Cambrian Mountains, mouth in Bristol channel
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Causes of flooding in Shrewsbury
heavy rain in Welsh Mountains, in winter soils become saturated so overland flow is high, interception is minimal in winter, urbanisation
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why the flood management scheme was required
economic trade in shops was reducing due to road closures, loss of car parks and accessibility, property damage, health and pollution hazards, damage to cultural heritage
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the Shrewsbury flood management strategy
cost £3.5 million ,raising of buildings, 155 metres of demountable flood defences, 700 metres of permanent flood defences, flood warning systems
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social, economic and environmental issues of the flood management scheme
reduced number of people needing re-homing, reduced fear of flooding, ongoing cost of dredging, dredging causes damage to river habitats, decline of wetland habitats, prevent spread of polluted water
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Pacific and Eurasian plates, destructive

Back

What plates does Kobe lie on and what type of plate boundary is it?

Card 3

Front

over 6433 deaths and 27,000 injured, over 102,000 buildings destroyed, raised motorways collapsed

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

300,000 made homeless, over 3000 fires

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

emergency rescue teams, emergency food and water supplied

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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