Geography Key Terms

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Faults
A fracture or break in rocks.
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Tectonic Processes
The theory related to the seismic movement of the earth's plates.
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Geology
The different types of rock that make up an area.
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Magma
Semi-molten rock found in the mantle layer of the earth.
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Carboniferous limestone
Deposited rocks that were formed between 363 and 325 million years ago.
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Joint
A vertical crack within a layer of rock.
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Freeze Thaw Weathering
The process of rocks breaking up from repeated freezing and thawing.
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Tors
A block of granite found at the top of a hill.
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Clitter Slopes
The trail of deposited rocks from the action of freeze that weathering on tors.
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Limestone Pavements
A horizontal or gently sloping area of limestone, comprised of large blocks separated by deep eroded fissures.
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Grykes
Vertical joints, enlarged by weathering between the blocks in a limestone pavement.
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Honister
A u-shaped valley carved out of volcanic rock by glacial action.
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National Park
Large area of natural land protected by the government because of it's natural beauty.
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Erosion
The wearing away and removal of material by a moving force, such as a river, a breaking wave or a glacier.
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Sediment
Material such as mud, sand and pebbles carried and deposited by rivers or waves.
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Permeable
Rocks that are permeable, like chalk, allow water to pass through them.
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Saturated
Fully absorbed water.
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Bedding plane
The surface between two layers in sedimentary rock.
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Swash
The movement of a breaking wave up on a beach.
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Backwash
The movement of a wave down a beach back to the sea.
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Wave cut notch
A small overhang at the base of the cliffs formed where wave action is greatest.
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Wave cut platform
A flat area of rock at the bottom of cliffs seen at low tide.
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Cave
A hollow at the base of a cliff which has been eroded backwards by waves.
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Arable
The farming of crops.
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Stack
An isolated column of rock, standing just off the coast that was once attached to land.
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Stump
A short piece of rock found at the end of a headland formed after a stack has collapsed.
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Transportation
The movement of sediment by rivers, glaciers or waves.
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Prevailing wind
Direction in which the wind blows most frequently.
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Beaches
A sloping area of sand or pebbles between the low and high water marks.
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Profile
A cross section of the landscape.
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Storm beach
A beach affected by large destructive waves often with an angle over 45 degrees.
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Berm
A ridge of sediment found towards the back of a beach.
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Spit
A ridge of sand or shingle deposited by the sea. It is attached to the land at one end but ends in a bay or river mouth.
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Saltmarsh
An area of mud flats formed by deposition of sediment in the low wave energy area behind a spit.
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Bar
A ridge of sand or shingle joined to land at both ends.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Tectonic Processes

Back

The theory related to the seismic movement of the earth's plates.

Card 3

Front

Geology

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Magma

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Carboniferous limestone

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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