Geography health issues

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Attack rate
the number of cases of a disease diagnosed in an area, divided by the total population, over the period of an epidemic.
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Case- mortality rate
the number of people dying from a disease divided by the number of those diagnosed as having the disease.
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Illness and the reporting of disease. Some diseases are so infectious, that by law they must be reported.
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the death of people. It is measured by a number of indices including death rate, infant mortality, case mortality and attack rate.
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the close economic interdependence between the leading nations of the worlds in trade, investment and cooperative commercial relationships.
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Transnational corporations
capitalist enterprises that organise the production of goods and services in more than one country.
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What are the global patterns of mortality
The highest crude death rates are in LEDCs, particularly sub saharan africa. However, low mortality rates are also found in LEDCs as well for example kuwait.
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What are the two serious cases of illnesses round the world?
yellow fever in Africa and the Americas- 15% enter a toxic phase where they die within 7 days. HIV is also a very prominent disease in LEDC and MEDCs.
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Case study facts of influeza
it has seasonal epidemics, 300000 deaths each year, severe health in undernourished populations,has a high burden on hospitals.
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Infectious disease case study
HIV/AIDS. it is a slow retrovirus that reproduces in white blood cells. 62% of the people living with HIV are in sub saharan africa. Creates prejudice in their employment and children are ostrasized. Life expectancy drops by about 30 in LEDCs.
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HIV/ AIDS in Botswana
24% of adults infected. Life expectancy at 26 years. it slows down development as they are soending on health care.
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HIV/ AIDS in Thailand
100% condom program. 60 millio free condoms to sex workers. 66000 AIDS deaths.first case diagnosed in 1984.
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A disease of affluence
costs 0.5 billion each year. 95000 uk deaths each year. the uk has a public smoking ban, new zealand have a healthy brand logo. additional costs of unemployment.
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Famines occur because of: drought, population increase, rapid rise in the price of foodstuff.costs include: the costs of providing relief, disaster fatigue, types of food provided- powdered milks to ethiopia with no water to make it.
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Famine in somalia facts
people head for city, they got red cross aid, in 2000 rains failed to come, people and livestock died, their solution was to make infrastructure better,
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obesity and overweight in MEDCs
1.6 billion adults are overweight, the change of diet leads to it,and decreased physical activity,
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what are the different types of healthcare?
emergent, pluralistic and social security and socialised
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give examples of each
india, usa, and france and cuba
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an example of a TNC pharmaceutical
Glaxo-smith kline
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An example of a tobacco TNC
british american tobacco
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what factors effect regional variation in the Uk
social class, behaviour, - lower class more likely to smoke. colder environment: pneumonia, background radiation in some parts of the uk, age, gender and wealth,
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Facts of the NHS
In 2000, the government produced a NHS plan – a number of reforms based around the creation of Primary Care Trusts. Primary care is the care provided by the people you see when you first have a health problem
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Case- mortality rate


the number of people dying from a disease divided by the number of those diagnosed as having the disease.

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