GEOGRAPHY GLOSSARY WORDS

push and pull factors
factors which push or pull people to a place
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migration
movement from one part of something to another
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destination
a place where something will be sent
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country of origin
where something comes from
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immigrant
a person who perminently lives in a foreign country
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emigrant
a person who leaves their own country
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Trend
change over time
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HIC
high income country
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LIC
low income country
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urbanisation
population shift from rural to an urban area
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urban
town or city
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rural
countryside
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megacity
a city with 10m people in it or more
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millionaire city
a city with 1m people in it or more
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NEE
newly emerging economy
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natural increase
birth rates - death rates
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population distribution
the pattern of where people live across and area such as a country
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population density
the number of people per square km
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dense
high population density
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conurbation
large urban area where towns and cities merge together
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rural urban fringe
a zone of transition between the built up area and the countryside. there is often competition for land useq
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urban sprawl
the unplanned growth of urban areas
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urban greening
the process of increasing and preserving open space
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urban re-generation
the revival of olld parts of urban areas
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green belt
areas outside the city where building is banned
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zone of accumulation
snow and ice builds up
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zone of ablation
ice and snow melt
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plucking
melted water in the ice freezes and moves forward and plucks out large rocks
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abrasion
rocks scrape away the ice, this wears away the land
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bulldozing
a landform formed through erosion
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outwash
a plain formed of glacial sedements deposited in melt water at the terminus of a glacier
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till
unsorted material deposited directly by glacial ice
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crevasse
a deep wedge shaped opening in a mass of ice
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water footprint
the amount of you use in one day
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carbon footprint
the measurement of all the greenhouse gases we produce
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water defict
where the supply of water is exceeded by the demand
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water surpless
where the supply of water exceeds the demand
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water stress
the demand for water exceeds the avalible amount
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aquifer
water stored in bedrock
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eutrophication
algae grows out of control
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energy gap
the difference between a countres risng demand for energy and its ability to produce energy from its own resources
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energy security
uninterrupted availability of energy sources
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energy insecurity
where a country has to rely on another country for energy
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hydraulic action
the force of the water breaks rock particles away from the river channel
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attrition
eroded rocks picked up by the river smash into each other and there endges get rounded of
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solution
river water dissolves some types of rocks eg chalk and limestone
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traction
large boulders are pushed along the river bed
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suspension
small particles are carried along
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saltation
pebble like particles are pushed along the river bed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

movement from one part of something to another

Back

migration

Card 3

Front

a place where something will be sent

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

where something comes from

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a person who perminently lives in a foreign country

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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