Geography - ECONOMIC CHANGE

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  • Created by: Zaral1999
  • Created on: 11-06-16 16:44
Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?
Depletion of Raw Materials: mining has depleted due to the fact that the raw materials have been used up
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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?
Cheap Imports: due to raw materials in the UK being deep underground, it's cheaper to import from abroad.
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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?
Mechanisation: machines taking over manual labour
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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?
Social Change: people want less 'dirty' jobs with regular working hours and opportunity for promotion
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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?
Government Attitudes: as a country develops the value of their primary industry decreases, unless they have lots of raw resources (Saudi Arabia's oil)
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Reasons for the decline of the SECONDARY sector in the UK?
Globalisation: M&S has established manufacturing bases in Sri Lanka and Morocco
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Reasons for the decline of the SECONDARY sector in the UK?
Cheaper Production in LICs and MICs: in the 1980's 40% of Birmingham's population worked in manufacturing, in 2007 it's only 20%
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Reasons for the decline of the SECONDARY sector in the UK?
Mechanisation: in Honda car factory in Swindon robots are now used on some parts of the production line
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Reasons for the decline of the SECONDARY sector in the UK?
Government Policies: The British Steel Corporation -a nationalised company to protect steel production in the UK- was privatised in 1988
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Reasons for the decline of the SECONDARY sector in the UK?
Government Attitudes: in late 1980's Toyota were offered incentives to set up in Burnaston, Derbyshire. Now the government concentrates more on the tertiary industry
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Raw Materials: has many raw materials such as coal, oil and natural gas. China has 12% of the worlds mineral resources
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Location: has a long coastline with major ports on trade routes. Located near to the other 'ASIAN TIGERS' such as Taiwan
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Workforce: has a steady stream of people moving from rural areas to the city to work. An estimated 500,000 million will relocate over the next 20 years.
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Globalisation: cheap labour has led to many HICs production occurring in China-which can now easily be shipped
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Private Enterprise: for many years all manufacturing was state owned. Now 20% of all firms are privately owned
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Reasons for the growth of the SECONDARY industry in China?
Infrastructure: many new roads have been built by the government to improve transport in the county
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POSITIVE effects of growth in China
Money put into education, Generates GDP for the country which leads to higher living standards, Provides jobs and housing+basic food is provided to the workers
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POSITIVE effects of growth in China SLD
Xingtang (jeans town) is an area supported by the fact that many people work in manufacturing
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POSITIVE effects of growth in China SLD
The Conshing group provides basic living quarters and daily essentials for it's workers
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POSITIVE effects of growth in China (Environmental)
The government has put $172 bn into protecting the environment
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POSITIVE effects on the growth of China (Economic)
Companies earn a lot of money like Wing Light selling Olympic backpacks for €22 each
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NEGATIVE effects of the growth of China (Social)
Limited job opportunities with low wages. Many people work for 40p a day for long shifts of 13hrs
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NEGATIVE effects of the growth of China (Social)
Exploitative working conditions+many injuries. Estimated 2500 accidents in Yong Kang a year
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NEGATIVE effects of the growth of China (Environmental)
China is the world leader in C02 production. 80% of rivers in China are below fishing standard due to pollution.
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NEGATIVE effects of the growth of China (Environmental)
In Linfen, the local water supply is poisoned with Arsenic with 3 million people affected
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Reasons for the growth of the tertiary industry in UK? (HIGHER DISPOSABLE INCOME)
A rise in demand for services: Minimum wage introduced in 1999. Now over 8 million people in the UK are members of a gym
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Reasons for the growth of the tertiary industry in UK? (DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES)
In East London there is a roundabout known as 'Silicon roundabout' due to the number of app developers etc. there
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Reasons for the growth of the tertiary industry in UK?
Decrease in primary and secondary sectors due to more skilled workers and cheap importing
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Reasons for the growth of the tertiary industry in UK? (DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES)
The power of the 'grey pound' is increasing as 35% of the UK population is over 50. Companies such as SAGA run package holidays for pensioners
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Factors that affect PRIMARY industry locations (CHINA CLAY, CORNWALL)
Location of Raw materials: Kaolin is only found in the SW of England
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Factors that affect PRIMARY industry locations (CHINA CLAY, CORNWALL)
Transport: the train ran from Cornwall to Liverpool
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Factors that affect PRIMARY industry locations (CHINA CLAY, CORNWALL)
Market: there was demand for Kaolin for porcelain production
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Factors that affect SECONDARY industry locations (TOYOTA, BURNASTON, DERBY)
Land: 28 hectares of flat greenfield site on the edge of Derby
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Factors that affect SECONDARY industry locations (TOYOTA, BURNASTON, DERBY)
Tradition: there is a tradition of car manufacture there
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Factors that affect SECONDARY industry locations (TOYOTA, BURNASTON, DERBY)
Transport: it's on the junction of 2 main trunk roads A50 and A38
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Factors that affect SECONDARY industry locations (TOYOTA, BURNASTON, DERBY)
Area: located close to villages such as Findern+The Peak District
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Factors that affect TERTIARY industry locations (DAVID LLLOYD HEALTH CLUB, HATFIELD)
Demand: near to a large housing estate (Salisbury) and the Galleria shopping centre
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Factors that affect TERTIARY industry locations (DAVID LLLOYD HEALTH CLUB, HATFIELD)
Location: located on the Hatfield business park, workers may use the club during lunch times
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Factors that affect TERTIARY industry locations (DAVID LLLOYD HEALTH CLUB, HATFIELD)
Transport/accessibility:very close to junctions 3 and 4 of the A1 & within walking distance of Hertfordshire Uni
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COSTS of de-industrialisation of rural areas
1966 Aberfam Disaster, South Wales: a landslide of coal waste occurred after heavy rainfall
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COSTS of de-industrialisation of rural areas SLD
24 properties destroyed including a school. 150 dead, mostly children
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COSTS of de-industrialisation of rural areas LESSONS LEARNT
Coal waste heaps are now regraded and landscapes to make them safer
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BENEFITS of de-industrialisation of rural areas
Eden Project, Cornwall: originally a china clay pit, now transformed into a huge tourist attraction with landscaped walks and 2 huge pods containing a rainforest and a mediterranean biome.
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COSTS of de-industrialisation of rural areas SLD
The largest rainforest in captivity. Employs 500 staff and provides jobs for approx 3000 others. Contributed £1 billion to the Cornish economy
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COSTS of de-industrialisation of rural areas HOW IS IT SUSTAINABLE
Whole project is run sustainably and aims to educate people about sustainability
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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?

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Cheap Imports: due to raw materials in the UK being deep underground, it's cheaper to import from abroad.

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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?

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Reasons for the decline of the PRIMARY sector in the UK?

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