Geography - Development

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What is the general definition of development?
'The improvement of people's quality of life'
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Give 3 examples of a place with high levels of development
London, New York, Germany
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Give 3 examples of places with low levels of development
Rio, Sub-Saharan Africa, Kinshasa (Capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo)
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How can we measure development?
Using financial indicators such as GDP per capita
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What are the USA's and China's GDP?
USA - 17 trillion per annum and China - 10 trillion per annum
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What is the UK's GDP?
3 trillion per annum
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How can we work out GDP per capita?
GDP divided by population
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Give a disadvantage of using GDP as a financial indicator
It doesn't take population in to account
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Give a disadvantage of using GDP per capita as a financial indicator
Microstates specialising in oil or banking tend to be over represented
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Name 2 newly industrialised countries
China and Russia
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What is Chad's life expectancy?
48
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How are slums formed?
1. Rural to urban migration 2. Swamps infrastructure 3. Housing is inadequate in both quality and quantity 4. Informal housing is constructed 5. This leads to low development
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Describe conditions in the Mokoko slum in Lagos, Nigeria
3000 new arrivals a day, houses over 400,000 people, life expectancy = 45, infant mortality rate = 150/1000
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Give 3 solutions for improving conditions in slums
Self help, charitable sights and services and government intervention
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Explain how in Mokoko they have enforced self help
The Mokoko Private Residents Health Care Programme was set up. They provided inoculations for Typhoid, MMR and Polio, there is a 'floating midwife' and 3 women in the population attend births
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Use a case study to show that political mismanagement can be a barrier to development
Equatorial Guinea - following the discovery of oil in 1996, E. Guinea tripled it's GDP per capita but corruption by the President and his family (the Obiangs) has left E. Guinea with a life expectancy of 61 and an IMR of 94/1000
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Use a case study to show how historical and political mismanagement can be a barrier to development
Zimbabwe - Before 1965 it was a British Colony, between 1965 and 1982, Zimbabwe was a 'white only' government which caused a civil war because Robert Mugabe started a rebellion against the government, he won and became President in 1982
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Obstacles to development - Social
lack of education > employed in low income work > low tax receipts > lack of infrastructure
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Obstacles to development - Historical
Colonial exploitation > undereducated workforce
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Obstacles to development > Economic
Massive debt > more money spent on debt repayment than health and education
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Obstacles to development - Political
Corruption > no infrastructure
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Obstacles to development - Natural hazards (Case study)
Haiti earthquake > destroyed Presidential palace > government agencies destroyed > tax collection agencies stop > no tax collected > schools/teachers don't get funded > schools stop working > continued under development
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Card 2

Front

Give 3 examples of a place with high levels of development

Back

London, New York, Germany

Card 3

Front

Give 3 examples of places with low levels of development

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can we measure development?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the USA's and China's GDP?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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