Geography Definitions

HideShow resource information
Energy Pathways
Supply routes between energy producers and consumers e.g. pipelines or shipping routes
1 of 30
Energy Poverty
When a country or region has insufficient access to reliable sources of power
2 of 30
Energy Security
A country or region that is self-sufficient in energy resources
3 of 30
Geopolitics
Political relations among nations, particularly relating to disputes regarding borders and resources
4 of 30
Transit State
A country which something has to pass through e.g. Russian Gas through Ukraine
5 of 30
OPEC
The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
6 of 30
Peak Oil
The year in which the world or an individual country reaches its highest level of oil production, production declines after.
7 of 30
Security Premium
The extra cost built into the price of oil to allow for any disruption in supply
8 of 30
Supply Shock
A significant interruption to supply due to an environmental, economic or political event.
9 of 30
Energy Crisis
A serious shortage of energy which interrupts domestic supply and impacts on the economy
10 of 30
Strategic Petroleum Reserve
The USA's reserve supply of oil which should last for about 3 months in the event of a severe disruption to imported oil
11 of 30
Energy Infrastructure
The built environment constructed for the exploration, development and production of energy
12 of 30
Energy TNC's
Transnational Corporations that specialise in the exploration, development, production and sale of energy products
13 of 30
Resource Nationalisation
When a country decides to place part/all of an energy resource under state ownership
14 of 30
Carbon Credit
A permit that allows an organisation to emit a specified amount of greenhouse gas
15 of 30
Carbon Trading
A company that doesn't use up all of their carbon credits can sell them elsewhere
16 of 30
Coal gasification
A process which converts solid coal into gas that can be used for power
17 of 30
Green Taxation
Taxes implemented to discourage behaviour that is harmful to the environment
18 of 30
Microgeneration
Generators producing electricity with an output of less than 50KW
19 of 30
Carbon Storage
Capture of Carbon Dioxide released by burning coal and burying it deep underground
20 of 30
Geothermal
Power generated from the natural heat from under the ground
21 of 30
Bio-fuels
Fuels generated from biomass
22 of 30
Bi-Polar World
Two opposing superpowers e.g USA and USSR during Cold War
23 of 30
BRIC's
Brazil Russian India China (emerging superpowers)
24 of 30
Capitalism
Economic system in which most means of production and distribution are privately owned and in a relatively competitive environment
25 of 30
Colonialism
Political rule of one nation over another
26 of 30
Communism
Most means of production and distribution are state owned. Aims to create equality and a classless society.
27 of 30
Cultural Imperialism
promoting the culture of one society into another.
28 of 30
Decolonisation
The undoing of colonialism, where countries have gained independence.
29 of 30
Dependency Theory
Notion that resources flow from a periphery of poor and undeveloped states into a core of wealthy states.
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When a country or region has insufficient access to reliable sources of power

Back

Energy Poverty

Card 3

Front

A country or region that is self-sufficient in energy resources

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Political relations among nations, particularly relating to disputes regarding borders and resources

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A country which something has to pass through e.g. Russian Gas through Ukraine

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Contested Planet resources »