Geography: Case Study 4 (rural to urban migration)

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Locate Brazil.
Brazil is in the continent of South America. It is in the east of the continent, and shares its border with all but three of the countries in South America (Chile, Ecuador and Argentina).
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Locate the Caatinga.
The Caatinga is located in the North East of Brazil. It is located in a desert zone.
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Define drought.
Drought means a lack of or less than average rainfall.
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Name the 3 cities that make up Brazil's "golden triangle".
Belo Horizonte, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
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Name a village in the Caatinga that you have studied.
Nova Casa Nova.
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In the Caatinga, how many doctors are there per 100,000 people?
2 doctors per 100,000 people.
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What is the impact of not having enough doctors in the Caatinga?
Many young children die from malnutrition and illness that could easily be cured by a trained doctor.
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Who moves to the golden triangle from Nova Casa Nova and why?
Young people, eldest children and males: Forced to move to get better jobs, so that they can pay remittance to their families back in the Caatinga.
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Why is life in the Caatinga desert so hard?
Jobs in the Caatinga do not pay high wages so families have a very low income. This means that families cannot afford enough food and medicine, and therefore mortality rates are high.
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What is the average life expectancy in the Caatinga?
55 years.
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What is the average life expectancy in the rest of Brazil?
73 years.
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What is the impact on farmers in the Caatinga when there is a prolonged drought?
Farmers can't grow enough crops to feed their families or sell on to make a profit so children are fed a limited diet of rice/beans once a day and babies are given flour and water, leaving babies susceptible to dysentry.
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What is the rate of death in young children/babies in the Caatinga?
1 in 3 babies die.
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What is the impact of people moving away?
Young people move so there are fewer people to support the elderly - population is older, so older people have to work on farms, and there is a gender imbalance (more young men move away).
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Which city is the largest and richest in Brazil?
São Paulo.
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Where do richer migrants live in São Paulo and why?
Liberdade (area of modern flats) because they can afford the price of housing.
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Where do poorer migrants live in São Paulo and why?
Heliopolis (slum area) as they cannot afford housing.
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What are slums called in Brazil?
Favelas.
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Where are favelas normally built?
Where nobody else can build a house (e.g steep hillsides, marshland or even rubbish tips).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Locate the Caatinga.

Back

The Caatinga is located in the North East of Brazil. It is located in a desert zone.

Card 3

Front

Define drought.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the 3 cities that make up Brazil's "golden triangle".

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name a village in the Caatinga that you have studied.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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