Geography

WHAT ARE PRODUCERS?
PEOPLE OR COUNTRIES WHO MAKE PRODUCTS OR PROVIDE SERVICES
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WHAT ARE CONSUMERS?
PEOPLE WHO BUY PRODUCTS OR USE SERVICES
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WHAT ARE PRODUCTS?
GOODS THAT ARE USUALLY BOUGHT IN SHOPS
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NAME EXAMPLES OF PRODUCTS
CLOTHES (SHOES), FOOD (BANANAS) ELECTRONIC GOODS
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NAME EXAMPLES OF SERVICES
TOURISM (MACHU PICCHU), TRANSPORT (BUS), HEALTH CARE (NHS), UTILITIES (GAS, WATER)
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WHAT IS GLOBALISATION?
THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE WORLD IS BECOMING INCREASINGLY INTERCONNECTED AS A RESULT OF INCREASED TRADE AND TECHNOLOGY.
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WHY IS GLOBALISATION INCREASING?
INCREASED INTERNATIONAL TRADE, A COMPANY OPERATING IN MORE THAN ONE COUNTRY, FREER MOVEMENT OF PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, COMPANIES SUCH AS MC DONALDS IN LEDCS.
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REASONS FOR GLOBALISATION
IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION, FREEDOM OF TRADE, IMPROVEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION, LABOUR AVAILABILITY AND SKILLS.
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WHAT IS MULTINATIONAL CORPORTATION?
GLOBALISATION HAS RESULTED IN MANY BUSINESSES SETTING UP IN OTHER COUNTRIES.
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USE LEDCS BECAUSE ...
CHEAP RAW MATERIALS, CHEAP LABOUR, GOOD TRANSPORT.
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POSITIVE IMPACTS OF GLOBALISATION
HELPS COUNTRIES PROVIDE JOBS FOR LOCALS, MONEY SPENT ON IMPROVING LEDCS, EXPERIENCING NEW FOODS, INCREASES AWARENESS OF EVENTS IN OTHER COUNTRIES, MORE COUNTRIES AWARE OF GLOBAL ISSUES.
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NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF GLOBALISATION
CHEAP LABOUR AND RAW MATERIALS, PROFITS ARE SENT TO MEDCS, LOW WAGES FOR WORKERS IN LEDCS.
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WHAT IS TRADE?
MOVEMENT OF GOODS AND PRODUCTS BETWEEN PRODUCERS AND CONSUMERS.
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WHAT ARE IMPORTS?
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES BOUGHT INTO YOUR COUNTRY.
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WHAT ARE EXPORTS?
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES SOLD OUT OF YOUR COUNTRY.
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WHAT IS THE TRADE BALANCE?
AMOUNT OF EXPORTS MINUS THE AMOUNT OF IMPORTS.
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WHAT IS A TRADE SURPLUS?
IF A COUNTRY HAS MORE EXPORTS THAN IMPORTS THEY HAVE A TRADE SURPLUS.
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WHAT IS A TRADE DEFICIT?
IF A COUNTRY HAS MORE EXPORTS THAN IMPORTS THEN THEY HAVE A TRADE DEFICIT.
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WHAT IS A TRADE BLOC?
A GROUP OF COUNTRIES WHO HAVE TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT BENEFIT EACH OTHER.
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WHAT IS TRADE AGREEMENT?
AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN 2 COUNTRIES OR TRADING BLOCS TO TRADE WITH EACH OTHER.
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WHAT IS TRADE BARRIER?
SOMETHING THAT STOPS OR REDUCES TRADE (TARIFFS)
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WHAT IS TRADE EMBARGO?
A BAN ON TRADING WITH A CERTAIN COUNTRY.
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WHAT IS TRADE QUOTA?
A LIMIT ON THE AMOUNT OF GOODS THAT CAN BE IMPORTED.
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WHAT IS SUBSIDIES?
WHERE A COUNTRY CONTRIBUTES TOWARDS AN INDUSTRY WITHIN IT'S BORDERS TO MAKE IT MORE PROFITABLE.
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COMPARE MEDC AND LEDC EXPORTS...
LEDC - PRIMARY GOODS, MEDC- MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SERVICES.
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WHAT IS INTERDEPENDENCE?
MEANS THEY ARE DEPENDENT ON ONE ANOTHER IN SOME WAY (LEDCS DEPENDENT ON MEDCS)
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WHY DO MULTI-NATIONAL COMPANIES INVEST IN A COUNTRY?
CHEAP RAW MATERIALS, CHEAP LABOUR, GOOD TRANSPORT
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WHERE IS BANANAS GROWN?
FARMS- GROWN OR PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES OF THE TROPICS. EG- AFRICA OR THE CARRIBEAN
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WHY ARE THEY GROWN THERE?
BECAUSE THE TEMPERATURE IS HIGH (30 DEGREES) WITH 2000-2500MM OF RAINFALL PER YEAR.
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WHO CONSUMES BANANAS?
SUPERMARKETS SELL THEM, CONSUMERS BUY
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BANANAS MULTINATIONAL?
DOLE (USA), CHIQUITA (USA), NOBOA (ECUADOR)
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WHAT JOBS ARE IN BANANA INDUSTRY?
FARMER - PRIMARY, FACTORY WORKER - SECONDARY, SUPERMARKET WORKER - TERTIARY.
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WORKING CONDITIONS - NON FAIRTRADE?
VERY POOR, LONG HOURS (10-12 HOURS), HOT, 6 DAYS A WEEK, LOW PAY.
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COST OF BANANAS?
$7 BILLION IN 2008
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THE BANANA TRADE WARDS...
REFERS TO A DISAGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EU AND USA. QUOTA AND TARIFFS STOPPING THEM FROM TRADING AFFECTING FARMERS.
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WHAT IS FAIRTRADE?
AN ORGANISATION THAT HELPS THE PRODUCERS IN LEDCS HAVE BETTER TRADING CONDITIONS AND GET PAID MORE FOR WHAT THEY MAKE.-
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WINDWARD ISLANDS FARMERS ASSOCIATION...
BANANA GROWERS ONLY STARTED SELLING TO FAIRTRADE RECENTLY, ONLY SELLS TO FAIRTRADE NOW.
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HOW IS FAIRTRADE PREMIUM USED SOCIALLY?
FARMERS GET MONEY TO SPEND IN COMMUNITIES ON EDUCATION, HEALTH AND BUSINESS.
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HOW IS FAIRTRADE PREMIUM USED ECONOMICALLY?
FARMERS ARE PAID ENOUGH TO COVER COSTS AND IMPROVE QUALITY OF LIFE.
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HOW IS FAIRTRADE PREMIUM USED ENVIRONMENTALLY?
HELPS TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT BY BETTER USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES.
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WHAT ARE FOOD MILES?
THE DISTANCE THAT FOOD TRAVELS FROM PRODUCER TO CONSUMER
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IMPACT ON LEDCS
DECREASES POVERTY, FARMERS EARN MONEY FOR EDUCATION, HEALTH AND FOOD
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WHAT IS ETHICAL CONSUMERISM?
MEANS CONSUMERS BUY ETHICAL PRODUCTS (FAIRTRADE, ANIMAL CRUELTY FREE, NO IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT)
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CLIMATE CHANGE
(HOTTER, DRYER)
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Card 2

Front

WHAT ARE CONSUMERS?

Back

PEOPLE WHO BUY PRODUCTS OR USE SERVICES

Card 3

Front

WHAT ARE PRODUCTS?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

NAME EXAMPLES OF PRODUCTS

Back

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Card 5

Front

NAME EXAMPLES OF SERVICES

Back

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