Geography-physical landscapes keywords

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Precipitation
The way water gets from the sky to the ground e.g. rain, snow, hail`
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Condensation
Water vapour changing into water droplets
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Evaporation
Water (liquid) changing into water vapour
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Transpiration
The process by which water from plants evaporates
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Interception Storage
When things such as trees intercept/stop and store precipitation
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Infiltration
Downward movement of water through soil
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Percolation
Downward movement of water through rock
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Throughflow
Horizontal movement of water through soil
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Groundwater flow
Horizontal movement of water under rock
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Drainage/river basin
An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
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Source
Where a river begins
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Mouth
Where a river flows into a lake or the sea
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Tributary
A stream or small river flowing into a main river
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Conflunece
Where two or more tributaries meet and form a bigger river
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Watershed
An area of highland forming the edge of a river basin
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Erosion
The wearing away of rock (4 ways)
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Abrasion
Sand and stones scrape the bed and banks like sandpaper, and wear them away
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Attrition
Rocks and stones knock together and wear each other away
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Hydraulic Action
In a fast-flowing river, water is forced into cracks in the bank. Over time it breaks up the bank
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Solution (erosion)
Water also dissolves soluble minerals from the bed and banks, which helps to break them up
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Transportation
The movement of rocks and sediment in a river
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Traction
Larger stones and rocks get rolled along
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Saltation
Sand grains and small stones bounce along
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Suspension
Small particles of rock and soil are carried along as suspension. They make the water look cloudy and muddy
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Solution (transportation)
Dissolved material is carried along as a solution, which can't be seen
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Deposition
The dropping of sediments
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Water vapour changing into water droplets

Back

Condensation

Card 3

Front

Water (liquid) changing into water vapour

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process by which water from plants evaporates

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When things such as trees intercept/stop and store precipitation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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