GEO164 case studies

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Climate change - impacts upon LEDC
Flooding India and Bangladesh. Africa's food production. Ghana cholera. General increased morbidity and mortality,
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Climate change - impacts upon MEDC
Increased intense rainfall - Sheffield. Heat waves and crops in France. Cattle mortality risk Italy.
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Global mitigation of climate change
Kyoto protocol 2005-2012 but US didnt ratify
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Climate change - MEDC adaptation and mitigation
Mitigation: The energy act 2010. Adapatation: Mayor of London CC strategy 2010. Canada inuit bridge. ESPACE - green infrastructure in urban.
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Climate change - LEDC adaptation and mitigation
Mitigation: South africa efficient electricity and clean car. Adaptation: Tropical cyclone disaster in Bangladesh and India.
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Urbanisation - poor water quality
Sheffield mid 1800's
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Urbanisation - air quality
The great london smog 1952. Shanghai urban heat island.
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Urbanisation - noise pollution
London - 'Sounder city'
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Urbanisation - noxious chemical pollution
Minimata disease, Japan. Originated in city, affected fishery village.
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Urbanisation - urban heat island
Tokyo. Elderly and poor housing at risk. 2008-2011 introduced 10ha of green roofs. More reflective surfaces. Wind path along Meguro river.
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Urbanisation - light pollution
Hawaii. Newell shearwater birds.
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Urbanisation - flooding
Sheffield 2007 largest conurbation in south yorkshire
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Sustainable urbanisation
Los angeles, green alley programs and rail transit.
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Deforestation - drivers in MEDC
Europe. Direct causes = agriculture, mining and infrastructure development. Indirect causes = institutional weakness, e.g. unclear land tenure and property rights, incentives to convert forest land and insufficient human resources to monitor forests.
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Deforestation - mitigation in MEDC
EU FLEGT action plan (2003) = a decline in deforestation. Green Wall of China.
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Deforestation - drivers in LEDC
Easter Island, Chile. Latin America and Carribean = 1/3 of forestry loss 2000 - 2005. Africa - focus on HIV.
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Deforestation - consequences in Easter Island
Loss of biodiversity. Endemic species = completely extinct.
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Agriculture - environmental impacts
Nitrates; US and Canada. Pesticides; Secondary pest american bull worm in Eqypt and 1/5 land contaminated in Romania.
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Agriculture - sustainable practice LEDC
Ghana conservation agriculture. Water management. Microdosing.
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Agriculture - sustainable practice MEDC
Operation pollinator (2009) and fieldprint calculator
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Agriculture - organic farming
India. . Using cows for animal manure rather than buying. Using naturally occurring fertilizers or amendments. Crops grown to add nutrients to the soil = green manure.
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Biodiversity - threats
Species extinction and introduction; Killer Shrimp and Impatiens Glandulifera. Over exploitation; bird hunting in Malta
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Biodiversity- varying spatial distribution
Middleton (2008) tree peru = uk. 50% of biodiversity in 6% of land. Australia separate. Hotspots - Asia pacific.
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Biodiversity - global conservation
• Convention on biological diversity (1992) = the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora = international piece of legislation for sustainable behaviour and each party develops national strategies
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Biodiversity - european conservation
The Conservation of Wild Birds (2009). Water framework directive. Marine strategy framework directive.
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Card 2

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Increased intense rainfall - Sheffield. Heat waves and crops in France. Cattle mortality risk Italy.

Back

Climate change - impacts upon MEDC

Card 3

Front

Kyoto protocol 2005-2012 but US didnt ratify

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mitigation: The energy act 2010. Adapatation: Mayor of London CC strategy 2010. Canada inuit bridge. ESPACE - green infrastructure in urban.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Mitigation: South africa efficient electricity and clean car. Adaptation: Tropical cyclone disaster in Bangladesh and India.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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