Genetics

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What are the separate arms of the chromosomes called?
Chromatids
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What are X shaped, make of long coils of DNA and can be found in the cell nucleus?
Chromosomes
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What is the description of your PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES?
Phenotype
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What is the name for cell division where one cell splits into two identical cells?
Mitosis
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What is the name for cell division which produces haploid cells (the sperm / egg cells)?
Meosis
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What is the name that describes a cell with half the full number of chromosomes?
Haploid
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What is the name that describes a cell with the full number of chromosomes (46 for humans)?
Diploid
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What is the name for a sperm / egg cell?
Gamete
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What is the name for a newly formed life just after fertilisation of the egg by the sperm?
Zygote
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What is the name for the area at the centre of a chromosome where the arms meet?
Centromere
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What is the name for an organism with two alleles the same for a particular gene?
Homozygous
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What is the name for a section of DNA molecule?
Gene
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What is the name of the spiral shaped molecule that contains genes?
DNA
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What is the name for an organism with two different alleles for a particular gene?
Heterozygous
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What is the name for an allele/gene that determines the characteristics in the organism?
Dominant
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What is the name for an allele/gene that does not usually affect the phenotype of the organism?
Recessive
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are X shaped, make of long coils of DNA and can be found in the cell nucleus?

Back

Chromosomes

Card 3

Front

What is the description of your PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the name for cell division where one cell splits into two identical cells?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the name for cell division which produces haploid cells (the sperm / egg cells)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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