Genetic Terminology

  • Created by: Corrine S
  • Created on: 11-05-13 19:52
Gene
Sequence of bases on DNA molecue that codes for protein, resulting in characteristics
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Allele
Different version of gene. Two copies; one from each parent.
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Genotype
The alleles a person has, e.g. BB, Bb, or bb for eye colour
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Phenotype
The physical characteristics a person has, e.g. brown hair, blue eyes
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Dominant
An allele whos characterisic appears in phenotype even with one copy
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Recessive
An allele whose characteristics only appear in phenotype if two copies are present
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Homozygote
An organism that carries two copies of same allele
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Heterozygote
An organism that carries two different alleles
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Carrier
If recessive allele cause disease, a carrier is someone who has one dominant and one recessive allele. They carry disease
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Allele

Back

Different version of gene. Two copies; one from each parent.

Card 3

Front

Genotype

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Phenotype

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Dominant

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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