Genes And Protein Synthesis

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What are genes?
Instructions for making proteins
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What happens to DNA for protein synthesis?
Copied into RNA
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What are the 3 types of RNA?
Messenger, Transfer, Ribosomal
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Describe mRNA
Made in the nucleus. Three adjacent bases are called a codon. Carries the genetic code from the DNA in the nucleus into the cytoplasm.
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Describe tRNA
Found in the cytoplasm. Amino acid binding site, sequence of 3 bases called a anticodon. Carries amino acids that are used to make proteins to the ribosomes for translation
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Describe rRNA
Forms the two subunits in ribosomes. Ribosome moves alone mRNA during protein synthesis. rRNA helps to catalyse the formation of peptide bonds between amino acids
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What is the genetic code
Sequence of base triplets, codons, in DNA or mRNA.
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Describe the genetic code
Non-overlapping degenerate and universal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happens to DNA for protein synthesis?

Back

Copied into RNA

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 types of RNA?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe mRNA

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe tRNA

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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