General terminology

Terminology for general textual analysis

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  • Created by: emily_w
  • Created on: 29-03-14 20:09
Common noun
A name for something tangible: person, table, house, dog.
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Abstract noun
A name for an idea, concept or belief: happiness, love, science, anarchism.
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Active verb
A word representing physical actions: jump, kick, murder.
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Stative verb
A wordrepresenting a process that is (usually) only mental: consider, feel, hate.
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Auxiliary verb
A verb that must be used with another verb to create present participles or the future tense: "DID you die?" "I AM dying" "You WILL die".
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Modal verb
Axuliary verbs that express possibility or necessity: might, should, could.
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Adjective
A describing word that modifies a noun: The scruffy dog, the ugly boy, the evil scientist
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Adverb
A describing word that modifies all types of word, except nouns.
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Comparative
An adjective relating one thing to another, usually ending in "er": harder, better, faster, stronger
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Definite article
"the"
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Indefinite article
"a"/"an"
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Posessive pronoun
"my", "mine", "hers", "his".
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Demonstrative pronoun
"this", "that", "those"
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Monosyllabic lexis/Polysyllabic lexis
Words of one syllable/more than one syllable
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Imperative sentence mood
When a sentence is issuing a command
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Declarative sentence mood
When a sentence is making a statement
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Interrogative sentence mood
When a sentence is asking a question
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Exclamatory sentence mood
When a sentence expresses strong emotion, alarm ect.
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Register
The level of a text's formality
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Tenor
The tone, or relationship between author and reader and how this is created
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Syntax
The way words in a sentence are ordered to create meaning
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Parenthesis
When parts of a text are sectioned off--usually through brackets or dashes--to create an aside
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Hypophora
When a rhetorical question is immediately followed by an answer: "Did I kill that man? Hell yeah I did!"
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Hyperbole
Overexaggeration for effect.
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Litotes
Downplaying for effect.
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Parallelism
Creation of patterns in a text through repetition of words or phrases for effect
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Semantics
The meanings of words
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Homonym
When a word has multiple meanings
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Collocations
Words that naturally go together: "Laurel and Hardy" "fire and ice" "Hare and Burke" "Jekyll and Hyde" "fish and chips"
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Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds, sometimes to create rhyme.
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Exposition
Where a fiction writer establishes the character, setting ect at the start of the story. Infodumping
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Dramatic irony
When the audience knows something the character doesn't
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Mimesis
Mimicry. A story may mimic a character running or plodding by using one-word sentences
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Pastiche
Writing that imitates another genre for humour, eg a parody of fanfiction
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Neologism
A newly-invented word, eg "selfie"
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Portmanteau
A word invented by combining two words, eg Oxbridge, Eurasia, liger
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compound words
A word created by combining two words with a hyphen, eg. meat-headed, global-village, go-ahead
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Dysphemism
An unnecessarily extreme way of saying something. "I'm sorry ma'am, but your son got shot right in the face. There was blood and bits of skull everywhere and I'll never get the brains out of my carpet. It was awful."
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Tagline
A smaller sentence underneath the headliene.
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Grab quote
A quote taken from the text and displayed in larger writing above it, used to pique interest.
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Malapropism
When a speaker accidentally uses a word which sounds similar to the one they mean. "The world is my lobster"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A name for an idea, concept or belief: happiness, love, science, anarchism.

Back

Abstract noun

Card 3

Front

A word representing physical actions: jump, kick, murder.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A wordrepresenting a process that is (usually) only mental: consider, feel, hate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A verb that must be used with another verb to create present participles or the future tense: "DID you die?" "I AM dying" "You WILL die".

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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