General Meanings

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  • Created by: bthnyrose
  • Created on: 30-03-16 14:20
DSM-V Definition of Mental Health Disorder
A behaviour or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in a person and that is associated with significant distress or disability (impairment in one or more important areas of functioning)
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ICD-10
International Classification of Diseases (1992)
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Models of Abnormality
Psychodynamic, Biological, Behavioural, Cognitive, Humanistic-Existential, Socio-cultural
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One of the oldest models
Sigmund Freud, Psychological Dysfunction occurs in presence of unconscious internal forces (id, ego, superego)
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Biological Model
Medical Perspective - Underlying biological (neuroanatomical/physiological) Sources; Evolutionary or genetics or illness related
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Behavioural Model
Current behaviours (both functional and dysfunctional) are shaped by past learning experiences (classical/operant conditioning)
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Cognitive Model
Cognitive Processes are at centre of behaviour, thoughts and emotions. Cognitive distortions; polarised thinking, over-generalisation, jumping to conclusions
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Humanistic Existential model
Rogers (1940) - Focuses on broader dimension of human existence; self awareness, meaning, values, choice
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Socio-Cultural Model
Focuses on external forces that influence individual - Family-social perspective (family relationships and social interaction) and Multicultural Perspective -Behaviour examined in the light of his/her cultural context (cutlure, race, ethnicity,sex )
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Biopsychological Theories
Interaction of genetic, biological, developmental, emotional, behavioural, cognitive, and social influences
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Diathesis-Stress Theory
Biological/Psychological/Socio-cultural predisposition combined with severe stress can lead to onset of mental health disorder
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Electic View
Use of strengths of different theories in combination
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International Classification of Diseases (1992)

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ICD-10

Card 3

Front

Psychodynamic, Biological, Behavioural, Cognitive, Humanistic-Existential, Socio-cultural

Back

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Card 4

Front

Sigmund Freud, Psychological Dysfunction occurs in presence of unconscious internal forces (id, ego, superego)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Medical Perspective - Underlying biological (neuroanatomical/physiological) Sources; Evolutionary or genetics or illness related

Back

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