Gender theorists - A2 English Language

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  • Created by: Kayleigh
  • Created on: 12-01-15 10:33
Pamela Fishman
Taped convos of 3 couples in their homes. White, middle-class, heterosexual Americans. There's a division of labour in conversation. Women ask more questions. Women made more minimal responses (hmm, yeah). Women use more attention-getters.
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Robin Lakoff
Distinct women's language: precise colour terms 'beige, ecru, aquamarine', affective adjectives 'divine', superpolite forms 'passed away instead of died', hedges 'sort of', the intensifier 'so', emphatic stress 'what a beautiful dress!'
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Janet Holmes
Tag questions. Women = facilitative 'It's about your back, isn't it?' used to express solidarity, encourage. Men = referential 'Men use tag questions too, don't they?' indicate uncertainty or press for agreement.
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Deborah Tannen
Women = rapport; making friendships, interation is non-hierarchal, striving for solidarity. Men = report; highly competitive, maintaining status, jokes, storytelling, etc...
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Bergvall and Remlinger
Task continuation; collaborative emgagement in verbal tasks (mainly females). Task divergence; sidetracking, going off topic. Men might use this to receive attention and assert personal power.
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Deborah Cameron
Goes against most stereotypical assumptions about how men and women talk. she disagrees with: women talk more, women are more verbally skilled, women want to establish feelings and relationships and men are competitive and assertive.
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Zimmerman and West
Two studies: 1. same-sex and cross-sex convos in public & private spaces. 2. college students who were randomly paired. 1. few interruptions in same-sex, more in cross-sex (96% of interruptions were men). 2. 75% of interruptions were men.
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Janet Hyde
Males and females are similar in variables. Little difference between talkativeness, assertive speech, interruptions, self disclosure, verbal reasoning.
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Card 2

Front

Distinct women's language: precise colour terms 'beige, ecru, aquamarine', affective adjectives 'divine', superpolite forms 'passed away instead of died', hedges 'sort of', the intensifier 'so', emphatic stress 'what a beautiful dress!'

Back

Robin Lakoff

Card 3

Front

Tag questions. Women = facilitative 'It's about your back, isn't it?' used to express solidarity, encourage. Men = referential 'Men use tag questions too, don't they?' indicate uncertainty or press for agreement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Women = rapport; making friendships, interation is non-hierarchal, striving for solidarity. Men = report; highly competitive, maintaining status, jokes, storytelling, etc...

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Task continuation; collaborative emgagement in verbal tasks (mainly females). Task divergence; sidetracking, going off topic. Men might use this to receive attention and assert personal power.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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