Gender patterns in crime

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 02-04-15 13:07
Give 2 pieces of evidence that men are more likely to commit crime.
4 out of every 5 convicted offenders in England and Wales are male. By the age of 40, 9% of females have a criminal conviction but 32% of males do.
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What are 2 arguments against the idea that men commit more crime?
Typically female crimes are less likely to be reported. Also women are less likely to be prosecuted or are let of lightly.
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What is the chivalry thesis? (Otto Pollak)
Most criminal justice agents are men, who are socialised to act in 'chivalrous' way toward women.
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What are 3 pieces of evidence to support this?
Graham & Bowling- self-report studies show men 2.33 likelier to admit offence, whilst official statistics show them as 4 times. Flood-Page et al- 1in11 self-reported females prosecuted, 1in7 for males. Hood- women 1 third less likely to be prosecuted
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What are 2 pieces of evidence against this?
Farrington & Morris - women aren't sentenced more leniently. Buckle & Farrington - observational study of shoplifting found twice as many males shoplifting, despite official statistic showing more females shoplift.
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How does Heidensohn argue there is a bias against women?
Double standards - courts punish girls but not boys for premature sexual activity. Women who don't conform to accepted ideas of monogamous hetrosexuality and motherhood are punished more harshly.
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Carlen.
When women are jailed, it is according to the court's assessment of them as wives, mothers and daughters, and in **** cases it is the defendant who is on trial to prove her respectability.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Typically female crimes are less likely to be reported. Also women are less likely to be prosecuted or are let of lightly.

Back

What are 2 arguments against the idea that men commit more crime?

Card 3

Front

Most criminal justice agents are men, who are socialised to act in 'chivalrous' way toward women.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Graham & Bowling- self-report studies show men 2.33 likelier to admit offence, whilst official statistics show them as 4 times. Flood-Page et al- 1in11 self-reported females prosecuted, 1in7 for males. Hood- women 1 third less likely to be prosecuted

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Farrington & Morris - women aren't sentenced more leniently. Buckle & Farrington - observational study of shoplifting found twice as many males shoplifting, despite official statistic showing more females shoplift.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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