Gender case studies

Family where sons turned into girls. supports biological explanation
imperato-mcginley et al
1 of 20
Male/female behaviour not shown at birth, challenges biological explanation
Durkin
2 of 20
Rats given testosterone in adolescence showed masculine behaviour, supports biological explanation
Young
3 of 20
Mothers who took testosterone during pregnancy had little effect, girls preferred to play with boys. Challenges biological explanation
Hines
4 of 20
Men show greater activity in the amygdala when shown provocative photos. Supports biological explanation.
Hamann et al
5 of 20
Observed 18-24 mnth olds for 1 year, found males disciplined for masculine behaviour, yet still show it. Supports affect of peers on gender.
Fagot and Leinbach
6 of 20
Parents reinforced with praise stereotypical gender behaviours. Supports parental influence on gender.
Lytton and Romney
7 of 20
In media males shown as aggressive and powerful and women shown as nurturing. Supports media influence on gender
Huston and Wright
8 of 20
200 shown video of crying baby, told it was M/F then asked to say what emotion baby showed. Girl=scared, boy=angry. Support biosocial explanation
Schaffer
9 of 20
Aduts playing with baby, told they were M/F. males encouraged to play independently and females dependent and gentle. supports biosocial explanation
Smith and Lloyd
10 of 20
16 males born without penis, treated as females, by 16yrs 10 chose to be males again. challenges biosocial approach
Reiner and Gearhart
11 of 20
Non-industrialised countries men hunted and women looked after children. supports evolutionary approach
Wood and Eagly
12 of 20
2-5yr olds had gender consistancy tested using 14 set questions, weeks later M+F shown on separate halves of TV, those with higher GC levels spent more time watching same sex model. Support psychological explanation- KOHLBERG
Slaby and Frey
13 of 20
Kids told toys were either girl/boy toys. Those who had reached gender consistancy played with same sex toys. Supports psychological explanation KOHLBERG
Frey and Ruble
14 of 20
Found preschoolers had gender stereotypes before understanding gender. Supports psycholoical explanation GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
Martin and Little
15 of 20
Studied babies 3-18 months old, even youngest prefered watching same sex babies. Supports psychological explanation, GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
Campbell
16 of 20
Found tribes where women were dominant. Supports cultural influence
Mead
17 of 20
Universally agreed men=dominant, independat. women=caring, socialable. Challenges cultural influences
William and Best
18 of 20
Mums given female hormones had less boyish sons. Supports biological explanation to gender dysphoria
Yalom
19 of 20
Out of 70 boys with dysphoria, none were due to biological reasons, all had lack of male role model when growing up. Supports psychological explanation of gender dysphoria
Rekers
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Male/female behaviour not shown at birth, challenges biological explanation

Back

Durkin

Card 3

Front

Rats given testosterone in adolescence showed masculine behaviour, supports biological explanation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mothers who took testosterone during pregnancy had little effect, girls preferred to play with boys. Challenges biological explanation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Men show greater activity in the amygdala when shown provocative photos. Supports biological explanation.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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