gender ; chromosomes and hormones

CHROMOSOMES AND HORMONES
DFGD
1 of 75
- role of chromosomes
dfgdf
2 of 75
what are chromosomes made of?
DNA
3 of 75
what are genes
short sections of DNA that determine characteristics of a living thing
4 of 75
how many pair of chromosomes are there in humans?
23
5 of 75
which pair determines biological sex?
23rd
6 of 75
what chromosome are all normal egg cells produced by human ovary?
X
7 of 75
and what about sperm?
half x half y
8 of 75
what gene does the Y chromosome carry?
SRY
9 of 75
which causes what in the XY embryo?
testes to develop
10 of 75
these produce male sex hormones called?
androgens
11 of 75
- role of hormones
dfgd
12 of 75
prenatally what do hormones act do?
act on brain development . cause devs reproductive organs
13 of 75
at uberty a burst of hormonal activity triggers?
dev secondary sexual characteristics (like pubic hair)
14 of 75
what are the hormones of primary importance to male development caled?
androgens
15 of 75
and the most widely known of these is?
testosterone
16 of 75
- testosterone
dfgd
17 of 75
starts being produced at how many weeks of foetal development?
8
18 of 75
most research focuses on behavioural effects most notably in terms of?
aggression
19 of 75
what did van de poll do to female rats?
inject with testosterone
20 of 75
and what ahppened to their behaviour?
more physically and sexually aggressive
21 of 75
- oestrogen
dgd
22 of 75
alongside physical what does it cause some women to experience in menstrual cycke?
heightened emotionality + physical changes
23 of 75
in extreme cases what has PMS been used as a defence in?
shoplifting / murder
24 of 75
researchers dispute PMS existance as viable?
medical category
25 of 75
- oxytocin
dgdf
26 of 75
which gender produces this in larger amounts?
oxytocin
27 of 75
particularly as a result of what evet?
giving birth
28 of 75
hormone stimulates lactation making it possible for?
mothers to breast feed children
29 of 75
also reduces the stress hormone called?
cortisol
30 of 75
and facilitates?
binding
31 of 75
released in massive qtys in labour / afterbirth to make new mothers do what?
feel in love with their baby
32 of 75
fact men produce less ahs fuelled what popular stereotype?
men less interested in intimacy / closeness
33 of 75
EVALUATION
DFGD
34 of 75
:) evidence supporting role
dfgd
35 of 75
supported by the case study of?
reimer (i'll get on to him l8r)
36 of 75
in relation to sex hormones dabbs studied who?
prison population
37 of 75
and found what about offenders with highest levels testosterone?
more likely to have committed violent / sexually motivated crimes
38 of 75
van goozen et al studied what type of people?
transgender
39 of 75
undergoing what?
hormone treatment
40 of 75
transgender male to female showed decreases in?
aggression / visuo-spatial skills
41 of 75
while transgender female to male showed?
opposite
42 of 75
:( contradictory evidence
fgfgd
43 of 75
tricker conducted a double-blind study on how many males?
43
44 of 75
and did what weekly?
gave injection of testosterone / placebo
45 of 75
for how long?
10weeks
46 of 75
wasthere a significant aggression difference?
no
47 of 75
also the case as with van goozen tht many of te bio factor studies on gender study which groups?
small samples of unusual people
48 of 75
limiting what?
extent of meaningful generalisation
49 of 75
:( objctions to PMS
dfgfd
50 of 75
many object to PMS medical category on what grounds?
stereotypes female experience and emotion
51 of 75
feminist critiques claim PMS is what?
social construction
52 of 75
feminists have pointed to this medicalising women's lives and dismissing their emotions how?
by explaining them i reductionist biologicla terms
53 of 75
EVALUATION EXTRA
DGDFG
54 of 75
:( overemphasis on nature
dfgdf
55 of 75
what would we expect to find many more of if sex was purely biological?
differences in male / female behaviour
56 of 75
maccoby and lacklin fd significantly more differences where than between sexes?
within them
57 of 75
alternative exps e.g SLT would point to importance of what in learning gender id/role?
social context
58 of 75
influence of social norms would also help explain what differences in gender-role behaviour?
cultural
59 of 75
and the fact that in the west @ least males and females are gradually becoming?
more androgynous
60 of 75
:( oversimplifies complex concept
dffgdf
61 of 75
accs that reduce gender to hormone / chromosome level have been accused of?
ignoring alternative exps
62 of 75
cofnitive approach would draw attention to hwat under pinning gender dev?
changing thought processes
63 of 75
OKAY I DONT ACTUALLY LIKE THIS PT ALL TOO MUCH
DFDF
64 of 75
APPLICATION
DFGDF
65 of 75
- david reimer
dgdg
66 of 75
what happened to bruce not brian reimer at 6m?
botched circumcision + he was left w/o a penis
67 of 75
shortly after bruce's parents were made aware of whose work?
john money
68 of 75
who was developing a theory of?
'gender neutrality'
69 of 75
which was the idea that?
bio sex < env influence in est gender id
70 of 75
so bruce was raised how?
stereotupically feminine
71 of 75
as he grew up prog was minitored though never adivsed what?
bruce be told the thruth of gender reassignment
72 of 75
what was brenda like in her late teens?
never adjusted to life as female and suffering from psych + emo problems
73 of 75
what happened when she was told the truth about her childhood?
immediately went back to living as a man (david)
74 of 75
and what happened in 2004?
committed suicide
75 of 75

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- role of chromosomes

Back

dfgdf

Card 3

Front

what are chromosomes made of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are genes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how many pair of chromosomes are there in humans?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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