Gender and Patterns of crime

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1. Some sociologists argue that the differences in crime rates between men and women may be socially constructed through what?

  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and local community
  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and courts
  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and mass media
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2. Which feminist gives an explanation for the low female crime rate among women and what was it?

  • Oakley - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men
  • Leonard - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men
  • Smart - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men

3. Who did a study that shows official figures may underestimate the female crime rate?

  • Tacobell - ratio of cheese to bacon tacos is 1.5 : 1 rather than 7:1, however this study may be limited due to over/under-reporting, ethical issues and non-representative sample
  • Straightbell - ratio of male to female crime is 1.5 : 1 rather than 7:1, however this study may be limited due to over/under-reporting, ethical issues and non-representative sample
  • Campbell - ratio of male to female crime is 1.5 : 1 rather than 7:1, however this study may be limited due to over/under-reporting, ethical issues and non-representative sample
  • Carlen- ratio of male to female crime is 1.5 : 1 rather than 7:1, however this study may be limited due to over/under-reporting, ethical issues and non-representative sample

4. What does Messerschmidt say about the study of criminology?

  • Most crime is commited by young men so it must include a detailed study of young masculine values. Argues past criminology fails to deal with this link.
  • Most crime is commited by men so it must include a detailed study of masculine values. Argues past criminology fails to deal with this link.
  • Most crime is commited by working class men so it must include a detailed study of w/c masculine values. Argues past criminology fails to deal with this link.

5. Who has another statistic which supports Liberation theory?

  • Messerschmidt - Number of females being arrested for violence in Eng and Wales has more than doubled since 1999/2000suggesting women have become more violent
  • Hedderman - Number of females being arrested for violence in Eng and Wales has more than doubled since 1999/2000suggesting women have become more violent
  • Box and Hale - Number of females being arrested for violence in Eng and Wales has more than doubled since 1999/2000suggesting women have become more violent

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