Gender and Patterns of crime

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1. Some sociologists argue that the differences in crime rates between men and women may be socially constructed through what?

  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and courts
  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and mass media
  • Stereotyping and labelling by the police and local community
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2. What is the most commonly commited offence by both men and women?

  • Theft - 50% of female offenders, 30% of male offenders
  • Theft - 50% of male offenders, 30% of female offenders
  • Drink Driving - 50% of female offenders, 30% of male offenders

3. What did Oakley say about gender-roles and crime?

  • She suggested that gender role socialisation in the UK, especially in working class families, might result in boys and girls subscibing to norms that potentially overlap with criminality
  • She suggested that gender role socialisation in the UK, especially in working class families, might result in boys and men subscibing to values that potentially overlap with criminality
  • She suggested that gender role socialisation in the UK, especially in middle class families, might result in girls and women subscibing to values that potentially overlap with criminality

4. Which Postmodernist explains the high crime rate among men as thrill seeking?

  • Matza - Criminology ignores pleasure in crime, calls it transgression, different crimes for different thrills, evil is quest of moral self-transcedence
  • Katz - Criminology ignores pleasure in crime, calls it transgression, different crimes for different thrills, evil is quest of moral self-transcedence
  • Katz - Criminology over-exaggerates pleasure in crime, calls it transgression, different crimes for different reasons, evil is quest of moral self-transcedence

5. Which theorist's study supports Liberation theory?

  • Denscombe - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control
  • Hedderman - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control
  • Croall - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control

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