Gender and Patterns of crime

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1. What does Messerschmidt say about masculinities and crime in youth groups - third class?

  • Lower w/c, ethnic minorities boys cant get reasonably paid/secure jobs, cant be breadwinner masculinity, poor families so no consumer goods with status, no success in schools/work, use violence/crime, property crime for money of hegemonic, gangs
  • Lower w/c, ethnic minorities boys cant get reasonably paid/secure jobs, cant be breadwinner masculinity, poor families so no consumer goods with status, no success in schools/work, use violence/crime, are subordinate
  • Lower w/c, ethnic minorities boys cant get reasonably paid/secure jobs, cant be breadwinner masculinity, poor families so no consumer goods with status, limited success in schools/work, use violence/crime, property crime for money of hegemonic, gangs
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2. What does Messerschmidt say about working class male youth and education?

  • They under-achieve&form anti-ethnic subcultures around achieving hegemonic masculine values to compensate. Gangs operate inside&outside school. This need to live out masculine values is not just w/c as m/c men commit racial hate crime
  • They under-achieve&form anti-social subcultures around achieving hegemonic masculine values to compensate. Gangs operate inside&outside school. This need to live out masculine values is not just w/c as m/c men commit white collar/corporate crime
  • They under-achieve&form anti-women subcultures around achieving hegemonic masculine values to compensate. Gangs operate inside&outside school. This need to live out masculine values is not just w/c as m/c men commit domestic abuse and ****

3. How does Denscombe's study support Liberation theory?

  • It provides limited support for the idea that female crime levels and imprisonment rates are rising quicker than males by number and seriouness of crime
  • It provides theoretical support for the fact that female crime levels and imprisonment rates are rising quicker than males by number and seriouness of crime
  • It provides practical support for the suggestion that female crime levels and imprisonment rates are rising quicker than males by number and seriouness of crime

4. What sociologist suggests 3 inter-related factors that motivate females to commit crime and what are they?

  • Croall - To fund a drug habit (Shop lifting/prostitution) , Desire for excitment (Like Katz and Lyng say males do) and conspicuous consumption of good e.g designer label clothing (Often targeted by shop lifters)
  • Adler - To fund a drug habit (Shop lifting/prostitution) , Desire for excitment (Like Katz and Lyng say males do) and conspicuous consumption of good e.g designer label clothing (Often targeted by shop lifters)
  • Denscombe - To fund a drug habit (Shop lifting/prostitution) , Desire for excitment (Like Katz and Lyng say males do) and conspicuous consumption of good e.g designer label clothing (Often targeted by shop lifters)

5. What sociologist developed Oakley's ideas on gender roles and crime and what did they add?

  • Messerschmidt - Argued boys in the UK are socialised into hegemonic masculine value system that stresses differences from women and paticular masculine goals that need to be achieved to become a real man
  • Denscombe - Argued boys in the UK are socialised into hegemonic masculine value system that stresses differences from women and paticular masculine goals that need to be achieved to become a real man
  • Croall - Argued boys in the UK are socialised into hegemonic masculine value system that stresses differences from women and paticular masculine goals that need to be achieved to become a real man

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