Gender and Patterns of crime

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1. What are some evaluative points of the theories on gender and crime?

  • Some theories are overestimating the growing equality between men and women and convergence of gender roles e.g differential socialsation/controls/feminist arguements and Postmodernists overestimate the excitment of crime for young women
  • Some theories are overestimating the growing equality between men and women and convergence of gender roles e.g differential socialsation/controls/feminist arguements and Postmodernists overestimate the excitment of crime for young men
  • Some theories are overestimating the growing equality between men and women and convergence of gender roles e.g differential socialsation/controls/Postmodernist arguements and Feminists overestimate the excitment of crime for young women
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2. Overall which gender commited more thefts and how many percentafe was it by?

  • Males - 89%
  • Males - 71%
  • Females - 71%

3. What does Messerschmidt say about masculinities and crime in youth groups - middle class?

  • White m/c boys have eduational success, some sport so hegemonic, have accomadating masculinity as in schools lose independance so do deviacne outside of it
  • White upper/c boys have eduational success, some sport so hegemonic, have accomadating masculinity as in schools lose independance so do deviacne outside of it
  • White m/c boys have eduational success, some sport so hegemonic, have accomadating masculinity as in schools lose independance so never deviant

4. Which theorist's study supports Liberation theory?

  • Croall - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control
  • Denscombe - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control
  • Hedderman - Changing female roles in recent decades mean women do as much risk taking behaviour as men, research into self images of 15-16 year olds (East Midlands), in depth interviews & focus groups found girls act male e.g look hard, in control

5. Which theorist suggests edgework and what is it?

  • Lyng - Much crime is edgework as on edge between thrill of getting away with it & potential danger/uncertainty of being caught/punished, crime is gamble of pleasure/thrills, allows young men with little economic security to have control over lives
  • Katz - Much crime is edgework as on edge between thrill of getting away with it & potential danger/uncertainty of being caught/punished, crime is gamble of pleasure/thrills, allows young men with little economic security to have control over lives
  • Matza - Much crime is edgework as on edge between thrill of getting away with it & potential danger/uncertainty of being caught/punished, crime is gamble of pleasure/thrills, allows young men with little economic security to have control over lives

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