Gender and Patterns of crime

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1. What is happening to poverty and who supports it?

  • Poverty is becoming feminised in last 20 years as women more likely to experience low pay and benefits, female crimes like shop lifting/fraud increased as reaction to poverty, Walklate - shoplifting/prostitution often due to economic need e.g kids
  • Poverty is becoming masculinised in last 20 years as men more likely to experience low pay and benefits, male crimes like shop lifting/fraud increased as reaction to poverty, Walklate - shoplifting/prostitution often due to economic need e.g kids
  • Poverty is becoming feminised in last 40 years as women more likely to experience low pay and benefits, female crimes like shop lifting/mugging increased as reaction to poverty, Walklate - shoplifting/prostitution often due to economic need e.g kids
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2. What is the rational choices explaination and who studied it?

  • Adler - W/c women commit crime as lack controls to prevent it (family/work) so criminal women often have no qualifications to get legal work, often in poverty, on benefits, family abuse/homeless, only way to live decently, criminal recrord reinforce
  • Carlen - W/c women commit crime as lack controls to prevent it (family/work) so criminal women often have no qualifications to get legal work, often in poverty, on benefits, family abuse/homeless, only way to live decently, criminal recrord reinforce
  • Walklate-W/c women commit crime as lack controls to prevent it (family/work) so criminal women often have no qualifications to get legal work, often in poverty, on benefits, family abuse/homeless, only way to live decently, criminal recrord reinforce

3. Which theorist influenced Katz and how?

  • Matza -Constructing male identity in contemporary society is difficult, most youths in 'state of dirft' unsure of identity/place in society, most young w/cmales is boredom/crime, Any event that gives identity is good eg offender/employee, gang member
  • Matza - Constructing male identity in contemporary society is difficult, most youths in 'state of dirft' unsure of identity/place in society, most young males is boredom/crisis, Any event that gives identity is good eg offender/employee, gang member
  • Matza - Constructing male identity in contemporary society is difficult, most youths in 'state of dirft' unsure of identity/place in society, most young males is pleasure, Any event that gives identity is good eg offender/employee, gang member

4. Which feminist gives an explanation for the low female crime rate among women and what was it?

  • Leonard - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men
  • Smart - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men
  • Oakley - Women more likely to conform to rules & social controls than men

5. What does Messerschmidt say about Hegemonic & subordinate masculinities?

  • Following Connell, main types, Hegemonic is most prized, subodinate carry less status & power (gay/Afrcian American), hegemonic varies by time but generally is based on subordination of weaker men, benefit from it, others try but harder
  • Following Connell, main types, Hegemonic is most prized, subodinate carry less status & power (gay/Afrcian American), hegemonic varies by time but generally is based on subordination of women, benefit from it, others try but harder
  • Following Connell, main types, Hegemonic is least prized, subodinate carry less status & power (gay/Afrcian American), hegemonic varies by time but generally is based on subordination of women, benefit from it, others try but harder

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