Gender and Crime

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  • Created by: jono2107
  • Created on: 09-05-16 20:58
MOJ (2012) on gender arrests
Less than 20% of arrests are female
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Parsons (1937)
Most child rearing is carried out by mother so girls have clear role model to follow. LINK to to Parsons sex role theory - the follower imitates the leader
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Farrington and Painter (2004)
Longitudinal research of female offenders, offenders were socialised to non- offenders. Females offenders much more likely to have harsher/ more erratic parenting.
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Hirschi on gender deals
If you act rationally you will be rewarded by complying with social norms.
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Leonard (1982)
Womens are goals are about successful relationships not making money. They have goals which are easier to achieve.
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Seal (2010)
More attention is given to understanding why women commit crime in the media
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Evans (2012)
Language used is much harsher when describing female offenders
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Messerschmidtt
Masculinity is something to be achieved and constantly demonstrated
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Lyng (1990)
Society encourages the male identity to be one of a risk taking nature through 'edgework'
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Dalton (1964) (Biological)
Claimed hormonal factors can influence a minority of women to commit crime
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Lombrosso
A female criminal is ugly
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Addler (1975)
Liberation theses - women are becoming liberated from patriarchy and will now commit more crime. BBC news 2014 girl gangs support this!
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Carlen (1998)
Disagrees with Addler, argues they are committing crime due to broken gender deals not because of liberation
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Goldstraw - White (2012)
Women now have more opportunities to commit crime white collar crime as they're entering powerful positions within companies.
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Pollak (1950)
Chivalry Theses - men have a more protective attitude over women so allow them to get away with crime and Halo effect
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Heidensohn (1996)
Double deviance, women are seen as more law abiding so when they break the rules they also break the rules of gender.
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Patriarchy in the CJS
Only 15% of high court judges are female.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Most child rearing is carried out by mother so girls have clear role model to follow. LINK to to Parsons sex role theory - the follower imitates the leader

Back

Parsons (1937)

Card 3

Front

Longitudinal research of female offenders, offenders were socialised to non- offenders. Females offenders much more likely to have harsher/ more erratic parenting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

If you act rationally you will be rewarded by complying with social norms.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Womens are goals are about successful relationships not making money. They have goals which are easier to achieve.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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