gdr ; life in east germany ; welfare system ; women status

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two main principles that formed basis women policies, first need to reverse which GDR demographics?
that of ageing population
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this was partly but not sufficiently solved with
berlin wall
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ideological need for creating gender equality where?
workplace + home
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both needed raise status of women and change role from traditional housewife to?
economically productive citizen
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when was the Family Code?
'66
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stated that in order to ensure dev of socialist personalities + promo female employment what should happen @ home
men + women split childcare / domestic work
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expected for husband and wife to have an arrangement allowing both do to what?
develop abilities for self and society
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therfore provided women's right to?
control own life
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what had created higher proportion of women to men?
wwii
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while emigration in '50s made up mainly of?
young skilled men
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thereofer it can be suggested greater role for women is based off what?
distorted GDR demographic
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SED policies toward women were intended to increase?
brith rate
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waere these successful?
yes
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what is debatable about gender equality?
whether achieved @ home + @ workplace
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when was the 8th SED Congress?
'71
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intro'd new range policies aimed @?
increasing working / living cond'ts woen
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when abortion legalised?
'72
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contraceptives how expensive?
free
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welfare reforms used to try counteract?
falling birth rate
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incentives for mothers included extending maternity leave from 18 to how many weels?
26
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all mothers recieved how much money when baby born?
1,000DM
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working hours limited to hwat a week for mothers?
40hrs
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and they were't required to do whihc two things?
shift work / overtime
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mothers recieved how much time off a month to hcarry out domestic dutues?
1day
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this help was also provided for who?
single fathers
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by '74 what % infants up to 3 in creches + nurserys?
60%
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this figure exceeded?
much of western world
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measures popular with women but in some respects did what for traditional roles?
preserved rather than reduced
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what happened with traditional attitudes to 'mens/ work / 'womens' work?
persistent in GDR
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by late '80s GDR had one of highest proportions of what in world?
working females
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arund what %?
90%
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and in frg?
50%
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social policy especially increased waccess for women to?
further education
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which was important ftowards?
gender equality / reduced dependence on men
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women made up much higher proportion of workforce in what kinds of jobs?
lower-paid / unskilled
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women made up what % of all doctors / teachers in '80s?
50%
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but majority of higher-level positions held by?
men
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who was the only female minister in GDR history in politics?
margot honekcer
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what was her role?
minister of education
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which didn't give her a place in?
politburo
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Card 2

Front

this was partly but not sufficiently solved with

Back

berlin wall

Card 3

Front

ideological need for creating gender equality where?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

both needed raise status of women and change role from traditional housewife to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

when was the Family Code?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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