gdr ; life in east germany ; repression + support for sed ctrl ; stasi

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INTRO THAT ISNT ANYTHINGTO DO W/ THIS SECTION
DFGD
1 of 101
what was most obvious form of repression + ctrl?
wall
2 of 101
in early '70s and '80s modifications made creating?
second wall on GDR side
3 of 101
area between konwn aas?
'death *****;
4 of 101
wall guarded by GDR soldiers that recieved what for killing escaping citizens?
honours / extra pay / streets or buildings named after them
5 of 101
est approx how many successful escape attempts from '61-'89?
5,000
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in wall existence nearly how many ppl shot @ border?
200
7 of 101
and how many in GDR prisons w/ 2-8yrs sentences?
5,000
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STASI AND SED
SDGD
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when set up?
'50
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to do what?
defend GDR against acts of sabotage from w/in gdr a.w.a capitalist west
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what did it call itself?
the sword and the shield (protecting and attackin)
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but colloquially it was known as?
'the firm'
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given orders from who?
directly from politburo
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to protect what?
socialist achievements / border
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@ beginning stasi how many full-time employees?
1000
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and w/in 3yrs this rose to?
4000
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who was the stasi leader until '53?
zaisser
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why removed?
'53 uprising
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and replaced with?
erich mielke
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mielke remained to '90 and under him stasi grew in?
sclae + inf
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by late '80s how many full time employees?
90,000
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and an est how many IMs?
175,000
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in which decade was there a particularly rapid increase?
'70s
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direct response to negative effects of?
ostpolitik
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such as increased exposure to who?
western visiotrs
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under honecker mielke became member of/
politburo
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and his title was?
minister of the stasi
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RANGE OF STASI ACTIVITIES
DFGDF
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stasi work designed to make climate of fear among?
gen pop
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and deal with anybody doing what?
undermining SED
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stasi had direct authority to open?
mail
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bug?
home
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access?
bank statements
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view what kinds of records?
medial
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and use?
psychological torture
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where were cameras and recording equipment hid?
ties / briefcases / cig cases
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stasi worked in what kinds of places?
border crossings / passport offices / hotels / airports / factories / unis / army / hospitals / schools / church
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in what decade did stasi have to refine methods?
'70s
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as part of abgrenzung to counter winfluence what was stasi role?
root out enemies of socialism in all forms social life
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stasi even operated even one what to gather useful info esp. from west?
brothel
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as GDR more accepted on world stage what did stasi have to do?
reign in more violent control methods
42 of 101
indivs + opps targeted with serioes of whats now?
subtle attacks to destry rep
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over how many phones a day bugged in leipzig?
1000
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in dresden around what % of all post was opened and read by stasi erryday?
5%
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barrage shady tactics would break down opposition over time and became known as?
'operational decomposition'
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stasi also collated what for SED to ascertain public opinion?
'mood reports' (kent davidson and his polls are quacking)
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then useful to help determine what specifically at critical points?
gov policy / propaganda focus areas
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stasi had dept that worked in foreign countries predominantly where?
frg
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@ times stasi alsi liaised w/ terrorist groups like what around world?
IRA / left-wing red army faction of FRG
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this would involve bringing members of these orgs to GDR for what?
arming / training / financial support
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as well as sending agents out as?
military advisers
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yet while wlecoming stasi support none of these orgs did what?
depend on it
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REASONS FOR COLLABORATING WITH STASI
DFGD
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ministry devoted resources to psychology dept where?
potsdam
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which resaerched what?
ways to recruit individuals who would willingly collab w/ stasi
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stasi against individuals doign what?
making volunteer denunciations
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and prefered to recruit collaborators which they felt would improve both what?
quality / reliability of info
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after checks made on recruitment of potential informer what would happen
they'd be approached by stasi recruitment officer
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some resisted while some did what?
agreed to co-operate and signed official document to collect info on others
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why important not to generalise?
many a reason to cooperate
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some believed they were supporting GDR path toward what?
communist utopia
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and it was important to seek out?
those disloyal to egime
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these individuals regarded as?
most committed / productive
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others attracted by material rewards / career opps and what they felt was?
higher social status
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for some allowed them to gain what of their choice?
uni place
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or opportunity of?
better employment
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stasi generally opposed to what kind of rewards?
cash
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but in society suffering consumer shortages some were attracted to promise of?
apt / car / phone / holiday
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others individuals in more vulnerable position for example parent of handicapped child may be offered?
child place @ special disabled school
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instances where stasi used what on informers as last resort?
coercion
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blackmailing and using coercion including recruiting individuals with what kind of behaviour?
bad guily behaviour that hadn't yet come to light
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some examples like?
affairs / drug use / homosexuality (not that that's bad but like @ this time i can imagine they weren't the most loving)
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stasi threatened to revela this info unless?
erson collaborated
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some IMs full time while others used for specific security tasks which usuall required what?
spying on fellow employees
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elite officers managed who?
other IMs
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and infiltrated?
opposition groups
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and worked to ruin?
targets' lives
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majority of IMs were used to do what?
report citizens' attitudes toward GDR / SED
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over what % by '88?
80%
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by '85 this equated to 1 IM per how many citizens?
120
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turnover of IMs was high at what % a year in '80s?
10%
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this significant level integration within society made stasi what?
such effective / feared organisation
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ASSESSMENT OF STASI METHODS
DFGD
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driving force behind stasi levels of surveillence whas what core belief?
danger to GDR from negative forces wast present @ every possible section of society
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paranioa equated anti-socialist opinion as bad as?
anti-socialist act
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and therefore strove to?
root it out
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enemies could be anywhere / everywhere so what was carried out?
gathering of any and all info
88 of 101
like what extra things were all recorded and stored
items on shopping list / time house lights turned off / smell of individual
89 of 101
sheer depth of stasi infiltration / secret collaboration only revealed when?
stasi files opened up in '90
90 of 101
in lifetime of GDR @ least how many ppl stasi agents?
600,000
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and some put figure up as high as?
2m
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org set up along military lines with its own what?
arsenal of weapons
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had its own whats?
uni degrees / own medals
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though why did medals have to be returned?
so they weren't accidentally discovered and cover exposed
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stasi worked alongside which 3 grps?
foreign intelligence org / NVA / border troops
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to protect what?
SED ctrl over GDR
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work of stasi led to political imprisonment of how many ppl from '49-'89?
200,000 - 250,000
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impossible to measure what about stasi?
how much damage don to ppls careers /erryday life
99 of 101
SED promised social security for ppl with what?
extensive welfare
100 of 101
and this was accompanied by surveillence system that did what?
stripped ppls self-confidence
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Card 2

Front

what was most obvious form of repression + ctrl?

Back

wall

Card 3

Front

in early '70s and '80s modifications made creating?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

area between konwn aas?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

wall guarded by GDR soldiers that recieved what for killing escaping citizens?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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