gdr ; life in east germany ; repression + support for sed ctrl ; stasi

1 of 101
what was most obvious form of repression + ctrl?
2 of 101
in early '70s and '80s modifications made creating?
second wall on GDR side
3 of 101
area between konwn aas?
'death *****;
4 of 101
wall guarded by GDR soldiers that recieved what for killing escaping citizens?
honours / extra pay / streets or buildings named after them
5 of 101
est approx how many successful escape attempts from '61-'89?
6 of 101
in wall existence nearly how many ppl shot @ border?
7 of 101
and how many in GDR prisons w/ 2-8yrs sentences?
8 of 101
9 of 101
when set up?
10 of 101
to do what?
defend GDR against acts of sabotage from w/in gdr a.w.a capitalist west
11 of 101
what did it call itself?
the sword and the shield (protecting and attackin)
12 of 101
but colloquially it was known as?
'the firm'
13 of 101
given orders from who?
directly from politburo
14 of 101
to protect what?
socialist achievements / border
15 of 101
@ beginning stasi how many full-time employees?
16 of 101
and w/in 3yrs this rose to?
17 of 101
who was the stasi leader until '53?
18 of 101
why removed?
'53 uprising
19 of 101
and replaced with?
erich mielke
20 of 101
mielke remained to '90 and under him stasi grew in?
sclae + inf
21 of 101
by late '80s how many full time employees?
22 of 101
and an est how many IMs?
23 of 101
in which decade was there a particularly rapid increase?
24 of 101
direct response to negative effects of?
25 of 101
such as increased exposure to who?
western visiotrs
26 of 101
under honecker mielke became member of/
27 of 101
and his title was?
minister of the stasi
28 of 101
29 of 101
stasi work designed to make climate of fear among?
gen pop
30 of 101
and deal with anybody doing what?
undermining SED
31 of 101
stasi had direct authority to open?
32 of 101
33 of 101
bank statements
34 of 101
view what kinds of records?
35 of 101
and use?
psychological torture
36 of 101
where were cameras and recording equipment hid?
ties / briefcases / cig cases
37 of 101
stasi worked in what kinds of places?
border crossings / passport offices / hotels / airports / factories / unis / army / hospitals / schools / church
38 of 101
in what decade did stasi have to refine methods?
39 of 101
as part of abgrenzung to counter winfluence what was stasi role?
root out enemies of socialism in all forms social life
40 of 101
stasi even operated even one what to gather useful info esp. from west?
41 of 101
as GDR more accepted on world stage what did stasi have to do?
reign in more violent control methods
42 of 101
indivs + opps targeted with serioes of whats now?
subtle attacks to destry rep
43 of 101
over how many phones a day bugged in leipzig?
44 of 101
in dresden around what % of all post was opened and read by stasi erryday?
45 of 101
barrage shady tactics would break down opposition over time and became known as?
'operational decomposition'
46 of 101
stasi also collated what for SED to ascertain public opinion?
'mood reports' (kent davidson and his polls are quacking)
47 of 101
then useful to help determine what specifically at critical points?
gov policy / propaganda focus areas
48 of 101
stasi had dept that worked in foreign countries predominantly where?
49 of 101
@ times stasi alsi liaised w/ terrorist groups like what around world?
IRA / left-wing red army faction of FRG
50 of 101
this would involve bringing members of these orgs to GDR for what?
arming / training / financial support
51 of 101
as well as sending agents out as?
military advisers
52 of 101
yet while wlecoming stasi support none of these orgs did what?
depend on it
53 of 101
54 of 101
ministry devoted resources to psychology dept where?
55 of 101
which resaerched what?
ways to recruit individuals who would willingly collab w/ stasi
56 of 101
stasi against individuals doign what?
making volunteer denunciations
57 of 101
and prefered to recruit collaborators which they felt would improve both what?
quality / reliability of info
58 of 101
after checks made on recruitment of potential informer what would happen
they'd be approached by stasi recruitment officer
59 of 101
some resisted while some did what?
agreed to co-operate and signed official document to collect info on others
60 of 101
why important not to generalise?
many a reason to cooperate
61 of 101
some believed they were supporting GDR path toward what?
communist utopia
62 of 101
and it was important to seek out?
those disloyal to egime
63 of 101
these individuals regarded as?
most committed / productive
64 of 101
others attracted by material rewards / career opps and what they felt was?
higher social status
65 of 101
for some allowed them to gain what of their choice?
uni place
66 of 101
or opportunity of?
better employment
67 of 101
stasi generally opposed to what kind of rewards?
68 of 101
but in society suffering consumer shortages some were attracted to promise of?
apt / car / phone / holiday
69 of 101
others individuals in more vulnerable position for example parent of handicapped child may be offered?
child place @ special disabled school
70 of 101
instances where stasi used what on informers as last resort?
71 of 101
blackmailing and using coercion including recruiting individuals with what kind of behaviour?
bad guily behaviour that hadn't yet come to light
72 of 101
some examples like?
affairs / drug use / homosexuality (not that that's bad but like @ this time i can imagine they weren't the most loving)
73 of 101
stasi threatened to revela this info unless?
erson collaborated
74 of 101
some IMs full time while others used for specific security tasks which usuall required what?
spying on fellow employees
75 of 101
elite officers managed who?
other IMs
76 of 101
and infiltrated?
opposition groups
77 of 101
and worked to ruin?
targets' lives
78 of 101
majority of IMs were used to do what?
report citizens' attitudes toward GDR / SED
79 of 101
over what % by '88?
80 of 101
by '85 this equated to 1 IM per how many citizens?
81 of 101
turnover of IMs was high at what % a year in '80s?
82 of 101
this significant level integration within society made stasi what?
such effective / feared organisation
83 of 101
84 of 101
driving force behind stasi levels of surveillence whas what core belief?
danger to GDR from negative forces wast present @ every possible section of society
85 of 101
paranioa equated anti-socialist opinion as bad as?
anti-socialist act
86 of 101
and therefore strove to?
root it out
87 of 101
enemies could be anywhere / everywhere so what was carried out?
gathering of any and all info
88 of 101
like what extra things were all recorded and stored
items on shopping list / time house lights turned off / smell of individual
89 of 101
sheer depth of stasi infiltration / secret collaboration only revealed when?
stasi files opened up in '90
90 of 101
in lifetime of GDR @ least how many ppl stasi agents?
91 of 101
and some put figure up as high as?
92 of 101
org set up along military lines with its own what?
arsenal of weapons
93 of 101
had its own whats?
uni degrees / own medals
94 of 101
though why did medals have to be returned?
so they weren't accidentally discovered and cover exposed
95 of 101
stasi worked alongside which 3 grps?
foreign intelligence org / NVA / border troops
96 of 101
to protect what?
SED ctrl over GDR
97 of 101
work of stasi led to political imprisonment of how many ppl from '49-'89?
200,000 - 250,000
98 of 101
impossible to measure what about stasi?
how much damage don to ppls careers /erryday life
99 of 101
SED promised social security for ppl with what?
extensive welfare
100 of 101
and this was accompanied by surveillence system that did what?
stripped ppls self-confidence
101 of 101

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what was most obvious form of repression + ctrl?



Card 3


in early '70s and '80s modifications made creating?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


area between konwn aas?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


wall guarded by GDR soldiers that recieved what for killing escaping citizens?


Preview of the front of card 5
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