gdr ; est rule ; why build the wall ; '50s emigration

emigration illegal from what year?
'52
1 of 30
how many east germans emigrated from formation to building the wall?
2.5m
2 of 30
what was gdr population in '49?
18.5m
3 of 30
and in '61?
17m
4 of 30
what type of people emigrated?
young skilled workers
5 of 30
what did gov do to try prevent emigration of doctors?
specifically allowed them certain priveliges e.g right to travel abroad / uni places for kids
6 of 30
by mid-'50s GDR had highest standard of living in?
eastern bloc
7 of 30
but continuously confronted by?
FRG
8 of 30
what happened to east germans that emigrated to FRG once they got there?
immediately granted citizenship
9 of 30
and got assistance with
housing + finance
10 of 30
why was it good to move to FRG?
shortage of labour in '50s + '60s so basically guaranteed job
11 of 30
western agents had even been known to do what?
enter east berlin to recruit worker
12 of 30
what was the pull factor for FRG?
material advantages
13 of 30
and push factor from GDR?
repressive and restrictive existence
14 of 30
when was the inner-german border between states closed
'52
15 of 30
what was created in Operation Vermin?
5km restricted zone on FRG / GDR border
16 of 30
where what had been destroyed?
entire villages
17 of 30
replaced by?
watchtowers / minefields / barbed wires
18 of 30
what was required to acces zone?
special passes
19 of 30
where only who could live there?
those loyal to GDR rest evicted
20 of 30
border guards instructed to shoot who?
those that didn't stop when asked to
21 of 30
for those who reached FRG what was consequence back home/
families / friends placed under surveillance and suffer reducd carrer / educational opps
22 of 30
some emigrated successfully by applying for?
travel visas and then not returning
23 of 30
but for GDR what created most chances for emigration?
west berlin
24 of 30
was there any physical division in berlin?
nope
25 of 30
from mid'50s onward stasli started to do what to search for emigrators?
stalk / check mail
26 of 30
emigration from GDR threat decrease availiable workforce by as much as what % over course of 7yp?
10%
27 of 30
this would allow FRG to do what
undermine GDR + show socialism as failure
28 of 30
FRG continually referred to those that fled as what rather than 'migrants' ?
refugees
29 of 30
once arriving in FRG why was it best to convince authorities they'd been persecuted?
better chances at financial / housing aid
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

how many east germans emigrated from formation to building the wall?

Back

2.5m

Card 3

Front

what was gdr population in '49?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

and in '61?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what type of people emigrated?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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