gdr ; dev state 61-85 ; gdr / frg relations ; impact ostpolitik on economy / standard of livin

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financial support was given in which four ways?
subsidies / ransoms / taxes / credit favours
1 of 32
ostpolitik led to some improvements as led to honecker increasing confidence to introduce?
widespread welfare reforms
2 of 32
in many ways benefits short term as led to reckless?
borrowing
3 of 32
and GDR increasing depenence in what area on FRG?
financial
4 of 32
ADVANTAGES OF OSTPOLITIK
DGF
5 of 32
honecker's Unity of Economic and Social Policy aimed raise living standards through
consumerism and welfare
6 of 32
as well as ideological jsutification they were made possible by availability of what thru ostpolitik?
cheap credit from FRG
7 of 32
in 7/80s living standards in GDR improved compared with?
other ebloc
8 of 32
and comsumer goods like what became more widely available?
cars / household goods
9 of 32
however items becoming increasingly common in FRG were rare in GDR like?
video recorders / microwaves
10 of 32
GDR also overcame shortage of certanin goods as result of what with FG?
trade agreements
11 of 32
no tariffs or trade barriers which in effect made GDR unofficial member of?
European Economic Community (EEC)
12 of 32
DISADVANTAGES
DFGDG
13 of 32
honecker's gov can be seen as indulging in?
reckless borrowing
14 of 32
on avg over how many DM income each year generated by compulsory currency exchanges?
800M
15 of 32
as well as?
FRG funds lent to GDR
16 of 32
equates to about what % all egerman foreign trade?
8%
17 of 32
what was level of trade in '78?
DM8.8bn
18 of 32
and in '86?
DM15.2bn
19 of 32
though pull of GDR to west was good for economy generated problems in what area?
political
20 of 32
some FRG loans tied explicitly tp?
specific arrangements
21 of 32
like two credits in early '80s for granting how many GDR citizens FRG emigration?
35,000
22 of 32
other loans allowed FRG to justifu putting pressure on GDR ro remove what?
landmines from inner-german border
23 of 32
withdraw?
automatic shooting guns
24 of 32
and implement measures to aid what?
communication between states
25 of 32
this all chipped away @ SED ctrl over?
internal affairs
26 of 32
what were the two secret loans of DM2b given to GDR to solve?
liquidity crisis in '82
27 of 32
used to prop up?
gdr financial rep
28 of 32
bu allowing it to do what?
honour other loans
29 of 32
rather than?
midernise eco infrastructure
30 of 32
USSR raised concerns but what was too good to refuse?
interest-free credit from FRG
31 of 32
continued lack of what jsut added to eco crisis?
investment in areas that needed it
32 of 32

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Card 2

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ostpolitik led to some improvements as led to honecker increasing confidence to introduce?

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widespread welfare reforms

Card 3

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in many ways benefits short term as led to reckless?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

and GDR increasing depenence in what area on FRG?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

ADVANTAGES OF OSTPOLITIK

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