gdr ; collapse ; gorby refuse to support ; declining SED auth

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when were there beefy local elections?
may '89
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SED won what % vote?
98%
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why couldn't this result seemingly surface level shield party for change?
bc it was manipulated
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to most people clear that achieving FRG considerably higher standard of living was through?
political reform
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gorbys own changes highlighted what to many in GDR?
ussr further in progress than them
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40 years of propaganda + indoctrination hadnt achieved what?
population w/ unquestioning loyalty / faith to system
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what had been the tactic of survival for many along with compliance?
private 'niche societies;
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frustrations vented through?
jokes / mutterings
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created what among pop but did little to change status quo?
pessimistic camaraderie
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what limited impact of soviet reforms on SED leadership?
honecker's hatred
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but where was it strong?
rank and file of party
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before '89 still reluctant to?
take open action against own party
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impetus for change started by?
GDR citizens
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most rapidly in who?
youth
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research by Central Institute for Youth Research in Leipzig in '88-'89 found what?
widespread disillusionment with regime
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what not enough to counter fear that life wouldn;t improve?
nostalgia for welfare state
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by oct '88 what % young workers felt strong association with GDR?
20%
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while what % hardly any / none?
25%
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dissatisfaction manifested itself n?
desire to shape own lives
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key impact of '80s changes wht?
gave population, particularly young self-awareness and confidence to overcome fear
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- late 80s declining fortune leading to change calls
dgd
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grim conditions led to long term?
stagnation
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which was crucial backdrop to what kind changes?
social / political
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what international thing helped swell discontent?
gorbys reforms
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demands for reform often protected and incubated by?
cjurch
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rise of what gave reform calls more confidence?
protest grps
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increasing inability of SED to do what allowed reform to grow?
control events on state
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general population becoming more active in?
voicing opinions
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and discontent expressions evolving into?
actual political demands
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why did joke go they'd rather live in socialist hell?
bc they'll have run out of matches and the devil won't be working
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by summer '89 many east germanshad already left country by doing what?
travelling through hungary and crossing into capitalist austria VIENNA WAITS 4 U BILLY JOEL IS QUACKING
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Card 2

Front

SED won what % vote?

Back

98%

Card 3

Front

why couldn't this result seemingly surface level shield party for change?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

to most people clear that achieving FRG considerably higher standard of living was through?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

gorbys own changes highlighted what to many in GDR?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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