GCSE PE AQA Gender

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Women tend to be smaller or larger than men?
Smaller
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Women tend to have flatter/broader or a more narrow pelvis than men?
A flatter/broader pelvis than men due to evolution for child birth
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Men tend to have larger or smaller hearts and lungs compared to women?
Men have larger hearts and lungs than women
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Women have a higher or lower body fat percentage compared to men?
Higher. Women 25% and Men 15%
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Men have a higher or lower oxygen carrying capacity compared to women?
Men have a higher oxygen carrying capacity-due to larger heart and lungs
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Men tend to have lower or higher maximal strength compared to women?
Men have higher maximal strength. This is due to having greater muscle mass than women.
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Who is more flexible? Men or women? Why?
Women! Due to less muscle mass
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Who matures faster-men or women?
Women! But after 11 years of age males tend to overtake in terms of height and strength.
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Hormonal imbalances can be a disadvantage to females in sport. True of false?
True-when females menstruate the chemical imbalances can affect performance.
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Name a sport where males and females compete on equal terms?
Equestrianism
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Why are most sports separated into single sex competitions?
When events are dependent on strength and power it would greatly disadvantage females to compete against males
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Give 3 examples where females have been discriminated against in major competitions because of their sex.
1. Not allowed to compete in distance races at the Olympics until 1960. 2. Less Olympic sports open to females compared to events open to male competitors. 3. Traditionally male sports are only now being opened to females-eg football World Cup
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Card 2

Front

Women tend to have flatter/broader or a more narrow pelvis than men?

Back

A flatter/broader pelvis than men due to evolution for child birth

Card 3

Front

Men tend to have larger or smaller hearts and lungs compared to women?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Women have a higher or lower body fat percentage compared to men?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Men have a higher or lower oxygen carrying capacity compared to women?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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