gcse geography case studies theme 3

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  • Created by: charlie
  • Created on: 31-05-13 18:42
changing location of industry
south wales- british empire collapsed, limestone, iron ore, coal, steel works
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interdependence
fashion industry- source(pakistan) manufacture(France) sold+design (USA)
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location of industry
swindon- close to port, good transport links- M4, markets Bath and london, brownfield site, only old factories (1960s)
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NIC
singapore- 1842-1965 (japanses take over-fully independent), jurong port (700 ships) supplied by south islands, science park
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location of quatenary/ footloose
cambridge science park- 1997 microsoft invest £50 mill., green field site M4, emplys 1/4 cambs workers
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fair trade
cocoa Ghana- 75% exported to EU, only 8p to farmers, Kuapa Kokoo coop(premiums,training,loans)
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growth of superpowers
china- rest of world(GDP shrink by 3%), £356 bill. stim economic growth, 1/4 global coal reserves, 400,000 die from pollution diseases per year, £6 bill. loan shanghai coop organisation
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acid rain
china- 26 mill. tonnes SO2 emitted, NOx emissions(inc. 50% 1995-2005), 400,000 die every eyar pollution diseases, desertification, gov. shut 100's inefficient factorys
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transnational companies
union carbide Bhopal India- 1.4+ mill. pop., built 1969 employs 700 people, dec. 1984 (temps rise 610 d.c, MIC poisoning, halved workforce+cheap steel), 2500+ died
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loaction of industry- poor
kenya- primary- farms western provinces (coffee, tea, tobacco), mine in magadi, secondary- manufacture in nairobi pop. 3 mill., tertiary- coast provinces tourist, national park, mount kenya
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location of industry- rich
UK- primary- farms in Lincolnshire (fertile, flat), secondary- chemical works north east + car manufactures merseyside (£50 mill. grant from gov.) tertiary- cumbria tourist, quaternary- cambridge science park
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development + environmental impacts
pearl river delta, china- IBM, wal mart, samsung, inc. wealth of area 1980 $8 bill. 2001 $100 bill.,honda employs 6000 people, smog, acid rain, poor water quality, reduce air pollution 40% in factories by 2010, gov. $7.1 bill. clean pearl river
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transnational corporation
wal-mart 1962, japan, china, brazil, biggest retailer is world 8000 stores, emplys 2 mill. people, local companies + farmers supply, donates to improve health $77000 argentina 2008, long working hours, unequal wages, large so bad for the environment
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changing location of industry
china- third largest economy in world (US, japan) agriculture gdp fell betweek 1978-2004 from 30-15% and manufacture rose,TNCs have factories, reasons: cheap labour varying wage, long working hours, bad health+saftey reg., no strikes, tax incentives
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

fashion industry- source(pakistan) manufacture(France) sold+design (USA)

Back

interdependence

Card 3

Front

swindon- close to port, good transport links- M4, markets Bath and london, brownfield site, only old factories (1960s)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

singapore- 1842-1965 (japanses take over-fully independent), jurong port (700 ships) supplied by south islands, science park

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

cambridge science park- 1997 microsoft invest £50 mill., green field site M4, emplys 1/4 cambs workers

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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